英語学習辞典
  

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あごが干上がる [あごがひあがる] /(exp,v5r) to lose one's means of livelihood/to become unable to earn a living/
いつの間にか [いつのまにか] /(adv) before one knows/before one becomes aware of/unnoticed/unawares/(P)/
ちんたら /(adv,adv-to) (1) (on-mim) dilatorily/sluggishly/(vs) (2) to take a lot of time/to become late/to take it easy/
みせ出し [みせだし] /(n) misedashi/debut of an apprentice geisha/ceremony in which a shikomi becomes a maiko/
クレオール /(n) (1) creole (pidgin which has become a mother tongue) (fre:)/(2) Creole (person of mixed ancestry, esp.in the Caribbean)/
ハゲる /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to lose hair/to become bald/(2) to become bare (e.g. a mountain becomes bare of trees)/
モラトリアム /(n) (1) moratorium/period of grace/extension (of time, e.g. to make payments)/cessation (for a period, e.g. nuclear testing)/(2) postponement (of social responsibility)/immaturity/not having developed emotional maturity/mental state of a young person who does not want to become an adult/(P)/
愛着がわく [あいちゃくがわく] /(v5k,exp) to grow fond of/to grow attached to/to become enamoured with/
愛着が湧く [あいちゃくがわく] /(v5k,exp) to grow fond of/to grow attached to/to become enamoured with/
為る [する] /(vs-i) (1) (uk) to do/(2) (uk) to cause to become/to make (into)/to turn (into)/(3) (uk) to serve as/to act as/to work as/(4) (uk) to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.)/(5) (uk) to judge as being/to view as being/to think of as/to treat as/to use as/(6) (uk) to decide on/to choose/(vs-i,vi) (7) (uk) to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.)/(8) (uk) to be (in a state, condition, etc.)/(9) (uk) to be worth/to cost/(10) (uk) to pass (of time)/to elapse/(vs-i,vt) (11) (uk) to place, or raise, person A to a post or status B/(12) (uk) to transform A to B/to make A into B/to exchange A for B/(13) (uk) to make use of A for B/to view A as B/to handle A as if it were B/(14) (uk) to feel A about B/(suf,vs-i) (15) (uk) verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs")/(aux-v,vs-i) (16) (uk) creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go")/(17) (uk) to be just about to/to be just starting to/to try to/to attempt to/(P)/
為る [なる] /(v5r,vi) (1) (uk) to become/to get/to grow/to be/to reach/to attain/(2) to result in/to prove to be/(3) to consist of/to be composed of/(4) to succeed/to be complete/(5) to change into/to be exchanged for/(6) to play a role/(7) (shogi) to be promoted/(v5r) (8) (hon) to do .../
一人前になる [いちにんまえになる] /(exp,v5r) to come of age/to become an adult/to become fully qualified/to stand on one's own/
溢れる [こぼれる] /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to spill/to fall out of/to overflow/(2) to peek through/to become visible (although normally not)/(3) to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)/
引っつく [ひっつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to stick to/to cling to/to adhere to/(2) (col) to become intimate (of a man and woman)/to get close/to get married/
引っ付く [ひっつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to stick to/to cling to/to adhere to/(2) (col) to become intimate (of a man and woman)/to get close/to get married/(P)/
何時かしら [いつかしら] /(adv) (uk) before one knows/before one becomes aware of/unnoticed/unawares/
何時の間にか [いつのまにか] /(adv) before one knows/before one becomes aware of/unnoticed/unawares/(P)/
嫁ぐ [とつぐ] /(v5g,vi) (1) to marry (of a woman)/to become a bride/to marry into (a family)/(2) (arch) to have sexual intercourse/(P)/
嫁に行く [よめにいく] /(exp,v5k-s) to marry (of a woman)/to become a bride/to marry into (a family)/
嫁に行く [よめにゆく] /(exp,v5k-s) to marry (of a woman)/to become a bride/to marry into (a family)/
過去のものになる [かこのものになる] /(exp,v5r) to become a thing of the past/
過去の物になる [かこのものになる] /(exp,v5r) to become a thing of the past/
顎が干上がる [あごがひあがる] /(exp,v5r) to lose one's means of livelihood/to become unable to earn a living/
緩む [ゆるむ] /(v5m,vi) (1) to become loose/to slacken (e.g. rope)/(2) to become less tense/to relax/to let one's guard down/(3) to slacken (e.g. coldness, supervision)/to become lax/(4) to become softer (e.g. ground, facial expression)/(of ice) to partially melt/(5) to decrease (e.g. speed)/(6) (of a market price) to go down slightly/(P)/
気が抜ける [きがぬける] /(exp,v1) (1) to feel exhausted (after having been stressed)/to feel spent/to feel relieved (from stress)/(2) to become stale (i.e. of a carbonated beverage)/to go flat/to lose flavor/to lose flavour/
気づく [きづく] /(v5k,vi) to notice/to recognize/to recognise/to become aware of/to perceive/to realize/to realise/(P)/
気色立つ [けしきだつ] /(v5t) (1) to show signs of/(2) to show one's feelings or emotions in one's facial expression or behavior/(3) to put on airs/(4) to be become animated with voices and noise/
気付く [きづく] /(v5k,vi) to notice/to recognize/to recognise/to become aware of/to perceive/to realize/to realise/(P)/
詰まる [つまる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to be packed (with)/to be full (space, schedule, etc.)/(2) to be blocked (road, pipe, etc.)/to be clogged/to be plugged up/(3) to shorten (width, interval, etc.)/to shrink (shirt, word form, etc.)/to narrow/(4) to be at a loss/to be hard pressed/(5) to end up/to be settled/(6) to become a geminate consonant/(7) (baseb) to hit the ball near the handle of the bat/(P)/
詰む [つむ] /(v5m,vi) (1) to become fine (of fabric)/(2) (shogi) to be checkmated/(3) to be hard pressed/to be at a loss/to reach the limits/(P)/
怯える [おびえる] /(v1,vi) to become frightened/to be frightened (of)/to be scared (of)/
脅える [おびえる] /(v1,vi) to become frightened/to be frightened (of)/to be scared (of)/
嫌になる [いやになる] /(exp,v5r) to get fed up with/to get sick of/to become disgusted with/
見世だし [みせだし] /(n) misedashi/debut of an apprentice geisha/ceremony in which a shikomi becomes a maiko/
見世出し [みせだし] /(n) misedashi/debut of an apprentice geisha/ceremony in which a shikomi becomes a maiko/
鍵がかかる [かぎがかかる] /(exp,v5r) to become locked (e.g. of automatic locking)/
鍵が掛かる [かぎがかかる] /(exp,v5r) to become locked (e.g. of automatic locking)/
固肥える [かたごえる] /(v1,vi) to put on a moderate amount of lean or firm weight/to gain healthy weight (e.g. from muscle)/to become overweight as opposed to obese/
口にのぼる [くちにのぼる] /(exp,v5r) to become the subject of rumours or conversations/
口に上る [くちにのぼる] /(exp,v5r) to become the subject of rumours or conversations/
好きになる [すきになる] /(exp,v5r) to come to like/to become fond of/to fall in love/
甲羅を経る [こうらをへる] /(exp,v1) to have accumulated years of experience/to have become proficient/
荒びれる [さびれる] /(v1,vi) (1) to decline (in prosperity)/to become deserted/to become desolate/(2) to taper off (of a sound)/
劫臈を経る [こうろうをへる] /(exp,v1) to have become experienced/to have become skillful after having accumulated years of experience/
惚ける [ほうける] /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to grow senile/to be childish with age/(2) (uk) to be mentally slow/to be befuddled/(3) (uk) to play stupid/to say something stupid (oft. on purpose; esp. as part of a comedic routine)/(4) to become engrossed (in something)/
冴える [さえる] /(v1,vi) (1) to be clear (of a sight, sound, colour, etc.)/to be bright/to be vivid/to be crisp/(2) to be clear-headed/to be alert/to be on the ball/to be wide awake/(3) to look upbeat/to be perky/to be cheerful/(4) to master (a skill)/to excel at/to cleanly execute/(5) to be satisfying/(6) to become frigid/to become intensely cold/(P)/
事情変更の原則 [じじょうへんこうのげんそく] /(n) clausula rebus sic stantibus (legal principle that agreements become non-binding if there is a major, unforeseeable change of circumstances)/
寂れる [さびれる] /(v1,vi) (1) to decline (in prosperity)/to become deserted/to become desolate/(2) to taper off (of a sound)/
手ずれる [てずれる] /(v1) (1) to have become worn/(2) to be used to the ways of the world/
手に落ちる [てにおちる] /(exp,v1) to fall into (someone's) hands/to fall under someone's control/to become someone's property (e.g. of an object)/
手擦れる [てずれる] /(v1) (1) to have become worn/(2) to be used to the ways of the world/
手摩れる [てずれる] /(v1) (1) to have become worn/(2) to be used to the ways of the world/
趣く [おもぶく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to go in the direction of/to proceed toward/to proceed according to/to repair to/to betake oneself to/(2) to become/to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)/(3) (arch) to abide by/to agree to/to consent to/to obey/
趣く [おもむく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to go in the direction of/to proceed toward/to proceed according to/to repair to/to betake oneself to/(2) to become/to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)/(3) (arch) to abide by/to agree to/to consent to/to obey/
春めく [はるめく] /(v5k,vi) to become spring-like/to show signs of spring/
焦げ [こげ] /(n) (1) scorch/burn/scorching/(2) burnt rice/(3) part of ceramic glaze that has become dark or darkish-brown during firing/
蒸ける [ふける] /(v1,vi) to become ready to eat (as a result of steaming)/
身を寄せる [みをよせる] /(exp,v1) (1) to live under another's roof/to become a dependent on/(2) to flatten oneself (against)/to lean in close to/
趨く [おもぶく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to go in the direction of/to proceed toward/to proceed according to/to repair to/to betake oneself to/(2) to become/to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)/(3) (arch) to abide by/to agree to/to consent to/to obey/
趨く [おもむく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to go in the direction of/to proceed toward/to proceed according to/to repair to/to betake oneself to/(2) to become/to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)/(3) (arch) to abide by/to agree to/to consent to/to obey/
世慣れる [よなれる] /(v1,vi) to become used to the (ways of the) world/to become worldly or sophisticated/
世馴れる [よなれる] /(v1,vi) to become used to the (ways of the) world/to become worldly or sophisticated/
世離れる [よばなれる] /(v1,vi) to become unworldly/to stop keeping up with social norms/to be out of touch with reality/
成る [なる] /(v5r,vi) (1) (uk) to become/to get/to grow/to be/to reach/to attain/(2) to result in/to prove to be/(3) to consist of/to be composed of/(4) to succeed/to be complete/(5) to change into/to be exchanged for/(6) to play a role/(7) (shogi) to be promoted/(v5r) (8) (hon) to do .../(P)/
切れる [きれる] /(v1,vi) (1) to break/to snap/to be cut/to split/to crack/(2) to be injured/(3) to wear out/to be worn out/(4) to break/to burst/to collapse/(5) to wear off/to stop working/to go dead/(6) to expire (time limit, etc.)/to run out/to become due/(7) to run out (of stock, etc.)/to be exhausted/to be used up/to be sold out/to be out of/(8) to be broken off (e.g. of a relationship)/to break up/to have severed ties/to be cut off/to be disconnected/(9) to cut well/to be sharp/(10) to be sharp-minded/to be keen/to be shrewd/to be quick-witted/to be able/(11) to be short of/to drop under (a certain figure)/to beat (e.g. a record time)/(12) to dry off/(13) to curve/to veer/(14) to shuffle (cards)/(15) (col) to get angry/to snap/to blow one's top/to lose one's temper/to flip/(aux-v,v1) (16) (uk) to be able to do completely/(P)/
潜める [ひそめる] /(v1,vt) (1) to hide/to conceal/(2) to lower volume (of a sound or one's voice) so as not to be heard/(3) to become quiet and inconspicuous/
堕ちる [おちる] /(v1,vi) (1) to fall down/to drop/to fall (e.g. rain)/to sink (e.g. sun or moon)/to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze)/to be used in a certain place (e.g. money)/(2) to be omitted/to be missing/(3) to decrease/to sink/(4) to fail (e.g. exam or class)/to lose (contest, election, etc.)/(5) to crash/to degenerate/to degrade/to fall behind/(6) to become indecent (of a conversation)/(7) to be ruined/to go under/(8) to fade/to come out (e.g. a stain)/to come off (e.g. makeup)/to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list)/(9) to fall (into someone's hands)/to become someone's possession/(10) to fall (into a trap)/to fall (for a trick)/(11) to give in/to give up/to confess/to flee/(12) to fall/to be defeated/to surrender/(13) to come to (in the end)/to end in/(14) to fall (in love, asleep, etc.)/(15) to swoon (judo)/(16) to consent/to understand/(17) (comp) to crash/to freeze/(18) to die/(19) to move to the depths/
濁る [にごる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to become muddy/to become cloudy/to get impure (of a liquid, gas, etc.)/(2) to become dull (of a sound, color, etc.)/to become hoarse/(3) to become impure (of a heart, society, etc.)/to be corrupted/to be polluted/(4) to become voiced/to add voiced consonant marks/(P)/
弛む [ゆるむ] /(v5m,vi) (1) to become loose/to slacken (e.g. rope)/(2) to become less tense/to relax/to let one's guard down/(3) to slacken (e.g. coldness, supervision)/to become lax/(4) to become softer (e.g. ground, facial expression)/(of ice) to partially melt/(5) to decrease (e.g. speed)/(6) (of a market price) to go down slightly/
墜ちる [おちる] /(v1,vi) (1) to fall down/to drop/to fall (e.g. rain)/to sink (e.g. sun or moon)/to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze)/to be used in a certain place (e.g. money)/(2) to be omitted/to be missing/(3) to decrease/to sink/(4) to fail (e.g. exam or class)/to lose (contest, election, etc.)/(5) to crash/to degenerate/to degrade/to fall behind/(6) to become indecent (of a conversation)/(7) to be ruined/to go under/(8) to fade/to come out (e.g. a stain)/to come off (e.g. makeup)/to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list)/(9) to fall (into someone's hands)/to become someone's possession/(10) to fall (into a trap)/to fall (for a trick)/(11) to give in/to give up/to confess/to flee/(12) to fall/to be defeated/to surrender/(13) to come to (in the end)/to end in/(14) to fall (in love, asleep, etc.)/(15) to swoon (judo)/(16) to consent/to understand/(17) (comp) to crash/to freeze/(18) to die/(19) to move to the depths/
潰れる [つぶれる] /(v1,vi) (1) to be crushed/to be smashed/to be broken/to collapse/(2) to become useless/to cease functioning/to be wasted (e.g. time)/(3) to go bankrupt/to go out of business/to fail/(P)/
締まる [しまる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to be shut/to close/to be closed/(2) to be firm (of a body, face, etc.)/to be well-knit/(3) to be locked/(4) to tighten/to be tightened/(5) to become sober/to become tense/(P)/
店だし [みせだし] /(n) misedashi/debut of an apprentice geisha/ceremony in which a shikomi becomes a maiko/
店出し [みせだし] /(n) misedashi/debut of an apprentice geisha/ceremony in which a shikomi becomes a maiko/
禿げる [はげる] /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to lose hair/to become bald/(2) to become bare (e.g. a mountain becomes bare of trees)/(P)/
曇る [くもる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to get cloudy/to cloud over/to become overcast/(2) to cloud up/to fog up/to mist up/to become dim/(3) to be gloomy/to be clouded (expression)/to be downcast/(4) to look slightly downward (of a noh mask; indicating sadness, grief, etc.)/(P)/
日の目を見る [ひのめをみる] /(exp,v1,vi) to come into the light of day/to come to light/to become recognized/to surface/
妊む [はらむ] /(v5m) (1) (uk) to conceive/to become pregnant/(v5m,vt) (2) (uk) to get filled with (e.g. sails filled with wind)/to be swollen with/(3) (uk) to contain (e.g. contradiction or danger)/(v5m,vi) (4) (uk) to be swollen and ripe (of a plant ear, head, or sprout)/
年期が入る [ねんきがはいる] /(exp,v5r) to become experienced (after many years of practice)/
年季が入る [ねんきがはいる] /(exp,v5r) to become experienced (after many years of practice)/
廃る [すたる] /(v5r) to go out of use/to become obsolete/to die out/to go out of fashion/
廃れる [すたれる] /(v1,vi) to go out of use/to become obsolete/to die out/to go out of fashion/
発明 [はつめい] /(n,vs) (1) invention/(adj-na) (2) intelligent/clever/(n,vs) (3) (arch) being enlightened/having the meaning of everything become clear/(P)/
反る [かえる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to return/to come back/to go back/(2) to turn over/(suf,v5r) (3) (after the -masu stem of a verb) (to become) extremely/(to become) completely/(P)/
病膏肓に入る [やまいこうこうにいる] /(exp,v5r) (1) to become seriously ill/to catch an incurable illness/(2) to become a slave of a habit/
病膏肓に入る [やまいこうもうにいる] /(ik) (exp,v5r) (1) to become seriously ill/to catch an incurable illness/(2) to become a slave of a habit/
付く [つく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to be attached/to be connected with/to adhere/to stick/to cling/(2) to remain imprinted/to scar/to stain/to dye/(3) to bear (fruit, interest, etc.)/(4) to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.)/to increase (of strength, etc.)/(5) to take root/(6) to accompany/to attend/to follow/to study with/(7) to side with/to belong to/(8) to possess/to haunt/(9) to be lit/to be lighted/(10) to be settled/to be resolved/to be decided/(11) to be given (of a name, price, etc.)/(12) to be sensed/to be perceived/(13) to be lucky/(suf,v5k) (14) to become (a state, condition, etc.)/
浮く [うく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to float/(2) to become merry/to be cheerful/(3) to become loose/to become unsteady/(4) (col) to feel out of it/to be cut off (e.g. from those around you)/to feel out of place/(5) to be frivolous/to be uncertain/(6) to have (time, money, etc.) left over/to be saved (e.g. money)/(7) to have no basis/to be unreliable/(P)/
浮腫む [むくむ] /(v5m,vi) (uk) to swell/to become swollen/to be puffy (e.g. face from lack of sleep)/to be bloated (esp. from fluid retention)/
腐る [くさる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to rot/to go bad/to decay/to spoil/to fester/to decompose/to turn sour (e.g. milk)/(2) to corrode/to weather/to crumble/(3) to become useless/to blunt/to weaken (from lack of practice)/(4) to become depraved/to be degenerate/to be morally bankrupt/to be corrupt/(5) to be depressed/to be dispirited/to feel discouraged/to feel down/(suf,v5r) (6) (uk) (ksb:) indicates scorn or disdain for another's action/(v5r,vi) (7) (arch) to lose a bet/(8) (arch) to be drenched/to become sopping wet/(P)/
赴く [おもぶく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to go in the direction of/to proceed toward/to proceed according to/to repair to/to betake oneself to/(2) to become/to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)/(3) (arch) to abide by/to agree to/to consent to/to obey/
赴く [おもむく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to go in the direction of/to proceed toward/to proceed according to/to repair to/to betake oneself to/(2) to become/to face (facts, circumstances, etc.)/(3) (arch) to abide by/to agree to/to consent to/to obey/
風雲急を告げる [ふううんきゅうをつげる] /(exp,v1) to have grown tense (of a situation)/to have become critical (and to be on the verge of a major upheaval)/
物心がつく [ものごころがつく] /(exp,v5k) to become old enough to understand what's going on around oneself (of a child, etc.)/to reach the age of discretion/
物心が付く [ものごころがつく] /(exp,v5k) to become old enough to understand what's going on around oneself (of a child, etc.)/to reach the age of discretion/
返る [かえる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to return/to come back/to go back/(2) to turn over/(suf,v5r) (3) (after the -masu stem of a verb) (to become) extremely/(to become) completely/(P)/
呆ける [ほうける] /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to grow senile/to be childish with age/(2) (uk) to be mentally slow/to be befuddled/(3) (uk) to play stupid/to say something stupid (oft. on purpose; esp. as part of a comedic routine)/(4) to become engrossed (in something)/
崩れる [くずれる] /(v1,vi) (1) to collapse/to crumble/(2) to get out of shape/to lose one's shape/to become disorganized/to become untidy/(3) to break down/to be thrown into disarray/(4) to crash (stock market)/to slump/to decline/(5) to break money into small change/(6) to turn bad (e.g. weather)/to change for the worse/to deteriorate/(P)/
味が出る [あじがでる] /(exp,v1) (1) the taste of something becomes apparent/(2) someone's character comes out/
目ざめる [めざめる] /(v1,vi) (1) to wake up/to awake/(2) to awaken to (instinct, ability, perception, etc.)/to become aware of/to become conscious of/to realize/(3) to come to one's senses/
目覚める [めざめる] /(v1,vi) (1) to wake up/to awake/(2) to awaken to (instinct, ability, perception, etc.)/to become aware of/to become conscious of/to realize/(3) to come to one's senses/(P)/
落ちつく [おちつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to calm down/to compose oneself/to regain presence of mind/(2) to calm down/to settle down/to die down/to become stable/to abate/(3) to settle down (in a location, job, etc.)/to settle in/(4) to be settled/to be fixed/to have been reached/(5) to harmonize with/to harmonise with/to match/to suit/to fit/(6) to be unobtrusive/to be quiet/to be subdued/
落ちる [おちる] /(v1,vi) (1) to fall down/to drop/to fall (e.g. rain)/to sink (e.g. sun or moon)/to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze)/to be used in a certain place (e.g. money)/(2) to be omitted/to be missing/(3) to decrease/to sink/(4) to fail (e.g. exam or class)/to lose (contest, election, etc.)/(5) to crash/to degenerate/to degrade/to fall behind/(6) to become indecent (of a conversation)/(7) to be ruined/to go under/(8) to fade/to come out (e.g. a stain)/to come off (e.g. makeup)/to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list)/(9) to fall (into someone's hands)/to become someone's possession/(10) to fall (into a trap)/to fall (for a trick)/(11) to give in/to give up/to confess/to flee/(12) to fall/to be defeated/to surrender/(13) to come to (in the end)/to end in/(14) to fall (in love, asleep, etc.)/(15) to swoon (judo)/(16) to consent/to understand/(17) (comp) to crash/to freeze/(18) to die/(19) to move to the depths/(P)/
落ち着く [おちつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to calm down/to compose oneself/to regain presence of mind/(2) to calm down/to settle down/to die down/to become stable/to abate/(3) to settle down (in a location, job, etc.)/to settle in/(4) to be settled/to be fixed/to have been reached/(5) to harmonize with/to harmonise with/to match/to suit/to fit/(6) to be unobtrusive/to be quiet/to be subdued/(P)/
落ち付く [おちつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to calm down/to compose oneself/to regain presence of mind/(2) to calm down/to settle down/to die down/to become stable/to abate/(3) to settle down (in a location, job, etc.)/to settle in/(4) to be settled/to be fixed/to have been reached/(5) to harmonize with/to harmonise with/to match/to suit/to fit/(6) to be unobtrusive/to be quiet/to be subdued/
落る [おちる] /(io) (v1,vi) (1) to fall down/to drop/to fall (e.g. rain)/to sink (e.g. sun or moon)/to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze)/to be used in a certain place (e.g. money)/(2) to be omitted/to be missing/(3) to decrease/to sink/(4) to fail (e.g. exam or class)/to lose (contest, election, etc.)/(5) to crash/to degenerate/to degrade/to fall behind/(6) to become indecent (of a conversation)/(7) to be ruined/to go under/(8) to fade/to come out (e.g. a stain)/to come off (e.g. makeup)/to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list)/(9) to fall (into someone's hands)/to become someone's possession/(10) to fall (into a trap)/to fall (for a trick)/(11) to give in/to give up/to confess/to flee/(12) to fall/to be defeated/to surrender/(13) to come to (in the end)/to end in/(14) to fall (in love, asleep, etc.)/(15) to swoon (judo)/(16) to consent/to understand/(17) (comp) to crash/to freeze/(18) to die/(19) to move to the depths/
落着く [おちつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to calm down/to compose oneself/to regain presence of mind/(2) to calm down/to settle down/to die down/to become stable/to abate/(3) to settle down (in a location, job, etc.)/to settle in/(4) to be settled/to be fixed/to have been reached/(5) to harmonize with/to harmonise with/to match/to suit/to fit/(6) to be unobtrusive/to be quiet/to be subdued/
落付く [おちつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) to calm down/to compose oneself/to regain presence of mind/(2) to calm down/to settle down/to die down/to become stable/to abate/(3) to settle down (in a location, job, etc.)/to settle in/(4) to be settled/to be fixed/to have been reached/(5) to harmonize with/to harmonise with/to match/to suit/to fit/(6) to be unobtrusive/to be quiet/to be subdued/
零れる [こぼれる] /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to spill/to fall out of/to overflow/(2) to peek through/to become visible (although normally not)/(3) to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)/(P)/
話題になる [わだいになる] /(exp,v5r) to be in the news/to be talked about/to become a popular topic of conversation/to become the talk of the town/to become topical/
冱える [さえる] /(v1,vi) (1) to be clear (of a sight, sound, colour, etc.)/to be bright/to be vivid/to be crisp/(2) to be clear-headed/to be alert/to be on the ball/to be wide awake/(3) to look upbeat/to be perky/to be cheerful/(4) to master (a skill)/to excel at/to cleanly execute/(5) to be satisfying/(6) to become frigid/to become intensely cold/
孕む [はらむ] /(v5m) (1) (uk) to conceive/to become pregnant/(v5m,vt) (2) (uk) to get filled with (e.g. sails filled with wind)/to be swollen with/(3) (uk) to contain (e.g. contradiction or danger)/(v5m,vi) (4) (uk) to be swollen and ripe (of a plant ear, head, or sprout)/(P)/
悸える [おびえる] /(iK) (v1,vi) to become frightened/to be frightened (of)/to be scared (of)/
濳める [ひそめる] /(v1,vt) (1) to hide/to conceal/(2) to lower volume (of a sound or one's voice) so as not to be heard/(3) to become quiet and inconspicuous/
耄ける [ほうける] /(v1,vi) (1) (uk) to grow senile/to be childish with age/(2) (uk) to be mentally slow/to be befuddled/(3) (uk) to play stupid/to say something stupid (oft. on purpose; esp. as part of a comedic routine)/(4) to become engrossed (in something)/
臈たける [ろうたける] /(v1,vi) (1) to be elegant (usu. of a woman)/to be graceful/to be refined/(2) to become well-experienced/to mature/
臈長ける [ろうたける] /(v1,vi) (1) to be elegant (usu. of a woman)/to be graceful/to be refined/(2) to become well-experienced/to mature/
臈闌ける [ろうたける] /(v1,vi) (1) to be elegant (usu. of a woman)/to be graceful/to be refined/(2) to become well-experienced/to mature/
薹が立つ [とうがたつ] /(exp,v5t) to become hard and fibrous/to go to seed/to have passed one's prime/to have lost the first bloom of one's youth/
頽れる [すたれる] /(v1,vi) to go out of use/to become obsolete/to die out/to go out of fashion/
Not until the end of the nineteenth century, did plant breeding become a scientific discipline. 19世紀末になって初めて植物の品種改良は科学の一分野となった。
What has become of your dog? あなたの犬はどうしましたか。
Everyone is anxious to know what has become of the former champion. あの前チャンピオンが今どうなっているのかみんな知りたがっている。
I wonder what ever will become of them. いったい彼らはどうなるのでしょう。
The shepherd even when he become a gentleman smells of the lamb. [Proverb] お里が知れる。
The scandal robbed him of a chance to become President. そのスキャンダルのために、彼は大統領になる機会を失った。
I have no idea what has become of her since. その後彼女がどうなったか、さっぱり分からない。
I have no idea what has become of her since. その後彼女がどうなったか、さっぱり分かりません。
I have no idea what has become of her since. その後彼女がどうなったかさっぱりわかりません。
I have no idea what has become of her since. その後彼女がどうなったのかわかりません。
I have no idea what has become of her since. その彼女がどうなったか、さっぱりわかりません。
Nobody knows what has become of him. だれも、彼がどうなったか知らない。
What has become of the book I put here a few minutes ago? ちょっと前にここに置いた本はどうしたんだろう。
What would become of our city if an earthquake were to hit it? もし仮に地震が来たとしたら私たちに待ちはどうなるだろう。
What would become of our city if an earthquake were to hit it? もし仮に地震が来たとしたら私たちの町はどうなるのだろうか。
What would become of our city if an earthquake were to hit it? もし仮に地震が来たとしたら私達の街はどうなるのだろうか。
What will become of our offspring if a nuclear war breaks out. もし核戦争になったら、われわれの子孫はどうなるのでしょう。
What will become of us if a war breaks out? もし戦争が起こったら、我々はどうなるでしょう。
What would become of our city if an earthquake were to hit if? もし地震が来たら私たちの街はどうなるだろう。
I wonder what has become of the friend I used to go fishing with. よく一緒に魚つりに言ったあの友人は、今どうなっているだろうか。
I wonder what has become of his status to tell a lie. アメリカに行ってから彼はどうなったのでしょうか。
When did America become independent of England? アメリカはいつイギリスから独立しましたか。
Getting rid of garbage has become a major headache for the authorities. ゴミ処理は当局の主な頭痛の種となっている。
I heard you have become Branch Manager of Sydney. シドニー支店長に就任すると伺いました。
Jogging has become the favorite form of exercise. ジョギングは、運動として、好ましい形態になった。
Talking of John, what has become of his sister? ジョンと言えば、彼の妹はどうなったかな。
Talking of Smith, what has become of his daughter? スミスさんといえば、彼の娘さんはどうしましたか。
In Thailand it has already become too dry to grow rice in some parts of the country. タイではすでに乾燥しすぎて米作ができなくなった地方もある。
Mary has become very fond of Charles. メリーはチャールズがとても好きになった。
The parallel with English becomes eve more striking when we realize that Latin continued to be used for many hundreds of years more as the world's first "international language." ラテン語が世界最初の「国際語」として何百年以上もの間使われてきたことがわかると、英語との類似点はよりいっそう顕著になってくる。
Talking of Mr Ito, what has become of his son. 伊藤氏といえば、息子さんはどうなりましたか。
My desire to become a doctor grew out of looking after my sickly brother. 医者になりたいという願望は病弱な弟の世話をしたことから芽生えた。
A really perceptive person can figure out a whole situation with just a few clues. That's the kind of person I want you to become. 一を聞いて十を知る、とまではいかないまでももうちょっと物分りがよくなってほしいよ。
English has now become the common language of several nations in the world. 英語は今や世界のいくつかの国の共通語になっています。
The influence of the strong yen on the Japanese economy has become very serious. 円高で日本経済に対する影響が深刻になってきている。
The point of the pencil has become dull. 鉛筆の先が丸くなった。
If UFOs were to attack the earth, what would become of us? 仮にUFOが地球を攻撃して来たら、我々はどうなるだろう。
What with overwork and lack of nourishment, he become very ill. 過労や栄養不足で彼は重病になった。
What has become of your dog? 君の犬はどうなったのだろう。
What has become of your dog? 君の犬はどうなりましたか。
What has become of your sister? 君の妹はどうなりましたか。
In spite of the language difficulty, we soon become friends. 言葉の壁にもかかわらず、私たちはすぐに友達になった。
Thanks to the development of aircraft, the world has become much smaller. 航空機の発達のおかげで、世界はずっと狭くなった。
What will become of the world thirty years hence? 今から30年後に世界はどうなるだろう?
As of midnight tonight the contract becomes effective. 今夜の12時からその契約は効力を発する。
Nobody knows what has become of Yamada. 山田がその後どうなったか、誰も知らない。
Nobody knows what has become of Yamada. 山田くんがその後どうなったのか誰も知らない。
Talking of Mr Yamada, do you know what has become of his son? 山田さんと言えば、あの人の息子さんはどうなったか御存知ですか。
Nobody knows what has become of Yamada. 山田君がその後どうなったか、誰も知らない。
What has become of my old house where I used to live? 私が以前住んでいた古い家はどうなったのだろう。
What has become of the book I put here yesterday? 私が昨日ここに置いた本はどうなりましたか。
My eyes have become less appreciative of colors. 私の目は色が識別しにくくなってきた。
I don't know what has become of the boy. 私はその少年がどうなったかを知らない。
I don't know what has become of the boy. 私はその少年がどうなったか知らない。
I don't care what will become of me. 私はどうなってもかまいません。
I don't care what will become of me. 私はどうなってもかまわない。
I don't care what will become of me. 私はどうなっても構いません。
I want to become a teacher of Japanese. 私は日本語の先生になりたい。
The eyes themselves can become selective, ignoring part of what is there, and the brain sometimes insists on seeing things that don't exist at all. 視覚そのものも選択的になり、実際に存在するものの一部を無視することがあるし、脳もまた実際にはまったく存在しないものを見たと判断する場合があるのである。
Time, see what's become of me, while I looked around for my possibilities. 時よ、可能性を探すうちに私がどうなったか見てごらん。
It is out of the question for me to built a new house till my income becomes greater. 収入が増えるまでは、家を新築するなんて不可能だ。
It is the border-line cases that are always in danger: the dignified buildings of the past which may possess no real artistic or historic value, but which people have become sentimentally attached to and have grown to love. 常に取り壊される危険にさらされているのは、それほど重要かどうか決定しがたい場合である。つまり、実際、芸術的価値や歴史的価値はないかもしれないが、心情的に人々が愛着を持ち、愛するようになった堂々とした昔の建物の場合である。
He gave the right to become children of God- 神の子供とされる特権を御与えになった。
People usually become famous at the cost of their privacy. 人は、通常、自分のプライバシーを犠牲にして有名になる。
What will become of us if a war breaks out? 戦争がおこったら我々はどうなるのでしょうか。
What will become of us if a war breaks out? 戦争が起こったら私たちはどうなるの。
What will become of us if a war breaks out? 戦争が起こったら私たちはどうなるのだろう。
What will become of us if a war breaks out? 戦争が起こったら私たちはどうなるのだろうか。
What will become of us if a war breaks out? 戦争が起こったら私達はどうなるのだろう?
What will become of our close relations if the bilateral security treaty expires? 相互安全保障条約が期限切れになったら、両国の親密な関係はどうなるだろう?
But for the heat of the sun, what would become of the living things on earth? 太陽の熱がなかったら、地上の生物はどうなるだろう。
If you have a lot of money you will become afraid. 大金を持つと怖くなる。
Secondly, some of the Creoles may become independent "national languages" in their own right. 第二に、いくつかのクリオールはそれ自体独立した「国語」となるかもしれない。
Broaden your horizon so that as you become more and more able to take care of yourself you will move intelligently. 独り立ちする能力がだんだん増すにつれて賢明に行動することが出来るようになるために、視野を広げなさい。
What will becomes of Japan? 日本はどうなるだろう?
We become very shorthanded at the end of the year. 年末は猫の手を借りたいほど忙しくなる。
Do you know what has become of him? 彼がどうしているか知っているかい?
Who knows what has become of him? 彼がどうなったかだれがしっていようか。
Tell me what has becomes of him? 彼がどうなったか教えて下さい。
No one can imagine what has become of him. 彼がどうなったか誰も想像できない。
I don't know what has become of him. 彼がどうなったか知らない。
What do you think has become of him. 彼がどうなったと思いますか。
What will become of the children after his death. 彼が死んだあと子供達はどうなるのだろうか。
Whatever will become of his wife if he does not retune. 彼が戻らなければ奥さんはいったいどうなるのだろうか。
What has become of his son? 彼の息子はどうなったか。
I wonder what has become of his sister. [F] 彼の妹さんはどうなったのかしら。
I wonder what has become of his sister. 彼の妹はどうなったのか。
What has become of him? 彼はその後どうなったのですか。
What has become of him since then? 彼はそれからどうなりましたか。
What has become of him? 彼はどうしたんですか。
I wonder what has become of him. [F] 彼はどうなったのかしら。
What has become of him? 彼はどうなったのだろうか。
What has become of him? #A: 彼はどうなりましたか。 #B: 彼 He was able to cook himself dinner, after a fashion. 彼はどうにかこうにか自分で夕食を作ることができた。
He has not become rich, but he has had a certain measure of success. 彼は金持ちにならなかったがある程度は成功した。
He has not become rich, but he had a certain measure of success. 彼は金持ちにはならなかったがある程度は成功した。
He made a lot of efforts to become a famous actor. 彼は有名な俳優になるために、沢山の努力をした。
He made use of every opportunity to become famous. 彼は有名になろうと、あらゆる機会を利用した。
He made use of every opportunity to become famous. 彼は有名になろうと、あらゆる議会を利用した。
Nobody knows what has become of her. 彼女がその後どうなったか、誰も知りません。
What has become of her son? 彼女の息子はどうなりましたか。
I wonder what has become of her. [F] 彼女はどうなったのかしら。
No one knows what has become of her. 彼女はどうなったのか誰も知らない。
He asked me what had become of her. 彼女はどうなったのだい、と彼は私に尋ねた。
I wonder what has become of her. 彼女はどうなったのだろうか。
What will become of her? 彼女はどうなるのだろう。
It is possible already to become a solicitation of extracurricular activities, too. 部活の勧誘にももうなれた。
The choice of clothes has become conservative. 服の選びかたは保守的になってきている。
The choice of clothes has become conservative. 服の選び方は保守的になってきている。
The number of women who becomes mothers is small. 母となる女性の数が少ない。
If you should die, what would become of your family? 万一あなたが死んだら、あなたの家族はどうなるのだろう。
What will become of us a war should break out? 万一戦争が起こったら、我々はどうなるのだろう。
It's only when I can't sleep at night that the ticking of the clock becomes loud enough to bother me. 夜寝れない時にかぎって時計がカチカチいう音が気になるものだ。
Infrequently the black sheep of family becomes a model citizen. 厄介者が、模範市民になることはあまりない。
What will become of the children now that both parents are dead? 両親とも死んでしまってあの子達はどうなるんだろう。
Parliamentary activity has become a political tug of war between the ruling and opposition parties over the issue. 国会の動きはこの問題をめぐる与野党間の政治的綱引きとなった。
Well then, it becomes a matter of urgent concern to the lurkers of this mailing list whether the guilty party confesses or not. さて、犯人は、告白するか否かが、沈黙するML参加者たちの焦眉の関心事となる。
{adj: aroused, emotional, excited, worked up} (of persons) excessively affected by emotion "he would become emotional over nothing at all" "she was worked up about all the noise"
{adj: brainwashed} subjected to intensive forced indoctrination resulting in the rejection of old beliefs and acceptance of new ones "brainwashed prisoners of war" "captive audiences for TV commercials can become brainwashed consumers" <-> unbrainwashed
{adj: caught up} having become involved involuntarily "caught up in the excitement of the crowd" "caught up in the scandal"
{adj: changed} made or become different in nature or form "changed attitudes" "changed styles of dress" "a greatly changed country after the war" <-> unchanged
{adj: cogitable, ponderable} capable of being thought about "space flight to other galaxies becomes more cogitable"
{adj: complacent, self-satisfied, self-complacent} contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions "he had become complacent after years of success" "his self-satisfied dignity"
{adj: darkened} become or made dark by lack of light "a darkened house" "the darkened theater"
{adj: deadened} made or become less intense "the deadened pangs of hunger"
{adj: expired} having come to an end or become void after passage of a period of time "an expired passport" "caught driving with an expired license" <-> unexpired
{adj: improved} become or made better in quality "was proud of his improved grades" "an improved viewfinder"
{adj: obscure, vague} not clearly understood or expressed "an obscure turn of phrase" "an impulse to go off and fight certain obscure battles of his own spirit"-Anatole Broyard "their descriptions of human behavior become vague, dull, and unclear"- P.A.Sorokin "vague...forms of speech...have so long passed for mysteries of science"- John Locke
{adj: precancerous} of or relating to a growth that is not malignant but is likely to become so if not treated
{adj: pubescent} (of animals especially human beings) having arrived at the onset of puberty (the age at which sex glands become functional) but not yet fully mature "the budding breasts of a pubescent girl and the downy chin of pubescent boy"
{adj: recognizable} easily perceived; easy to become aware of "this situation produces recognizable stress symptoms"
{adj: slavish, subservient, submissive} abjectly submissive; characteristic of a slave or servant "slavish devotion to her job ruled her life" "a slavish yes-man to the party bosses"- S.H.Adams "she has become submissive and subservient"
{adj: stabilizing, stabilising} causing to become stable "the family is one of the great stabilizing elements in society"
{adj: threatened} (of flora or fauna) likely in the near future to become endangered "the spotted owl is a threatened species, not yet an endangered one"
{adv: proverbially} in the manner of something that has become a byword "this proverbially bitter plant, wormwood"
{adv: resentfully} with resentment; in a resentful manner "the best doctors would stay resentfully out of the national service, refusing to become the minions of a Minister"
{n: Alabama, Alabama River} a river in Alabama formed by the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers near Montgomery; flows southwestward to become a tributary of the Mobile River
{n: Angara, Angara River, Tunguska, Upper Tunguska} a river in southeastern Siberia that flows northwest from Lake Baikal to become a tributary of the Yenisei River
{n: Angle} a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons
{n: Argun, Argun River, Ergun He} a river in eastern Asia that arises in China and flows northeast along the border between China and Russia to become a tributary of the Amur River
{n: Arkansas, Arkansas River} a river that rises in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and flows southeast through Kansas and Oklahoma and through Arkansas to become a tributary of the Mississippi River
{n: Beowulf} the legendary hero of an anonymous Old English epic poem composed in the early 8th century; he slays a monster and becomes king but dies fighting a dragon
{n: Boletus pallidus} a fungus that has an off-white cap when it is young but later becomes dingy brown and a stalk of the same color; the under surface of the cap (the tubes) a pale greenish yellow
{n: Brandenburg} the territory of an Elector (of the Holy Roman Empire) that expanded to become the kingdom of Prussia in 1701
{n: Canadian, Canadian River} a river rising in northeastern New Mexico and flowing eastward across the Texas panhandle to become a tributary of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma
{n: Cimarron, Cimarron River} a river that rises in northeastern New Mexico and flows eastward into Oklahoma where it becomes a tributary of the Arkansas River
{n: Constantinople, Fourth Council of Constantinople} the council in 869 that condemned Photius who had become the patriarch of Constantinople without approval from the Vatican, thereby precipitating the schism between the eastern and western churches
{n: Cumberland, Cumberland River} a river that rises in southeastern Kentucky and flows westward through northern Tennessee to become a tributary of the Ohio River in southwestern Kentucky
{n: Edward the Elder} king of Wessex whose military success against the Danes made it possible for his son Athelstan to become the first king of all England (870-924)
{n: Fentanyl, Sublimaze} trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
{n: Gila, Gila River} a river that rises in western New Mexico and flows westward through southern Arizona to become a tributary of the Colorado River
{n: Gordian knot} an intricate knot tied by Gordius, the king of Phrygia, and cut by the sword of Alexander the Great after he heard that whoever undid it would become ruler of Asia
{n: Green, Green River} a river that rises in western Wyoming and flows southward through Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River
{n: Gyromitra esculenta, brain mushroom, beefsteak morel} a poisonous gyromitra; the surface of the fertile body is smooth at first and becomes progressively undulating and wrinkled (but never truly pitted); color varies from dull yellow to brown
{n: Hamas, Islamic Resistance Movement} a militant Islamic fundamentalist political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon; seeks to create an Islamic state in place of Israel; is opposed to the PLO and has become a leading perpetrator of terrorist activity in Israel; pioneered suicide bombing
{n: Helvella sulcata} a helvella with an irregularly convoluted cap that is dark brown when young and becomes dull grey with age; the lower surface of the cap is smooth and pale grey; the stalk is thick and deeply fluted
{n: Irtish, Irtish River, Irtysh, Irtysh River} an Asian river that rises in the Altai Mountains in northern China and flows generally northwest to become a tributary of the Ob River
{n: Jute} a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Saxons to become Anglo-Saxons
{n: Kansas, Kansas River, Kaw River} a river in northeastern Kansas; flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River
{n: Milk, Milk River} a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River
{n: Missouri, Missouri River} the longest river in the United States; arises in Montana and flows southeastward to become a tributary of the Mississippi at Saint Louis "The Missouri and Mississippi Rivers together form the third longest river in the world"
{n: Moloch} a tyrannical power to be propitiated by human subservience or sacrifice "the great Moloch of war" "duty has become the Moloch of modern life"- Norman Douglas
{n: Neosho, Neosho River} a river that rises in eastern Kansas and flows eastward into Oklahoma to become a tributary of the Arkansas River
{n: Ohio, Ohio River} a river that is formed in western Pennsylvania and flows westward to become a tributary of the Mississippi River
{n: Ouachita, Ouachita River} a river that rises in western Arkansas and flows southeast into eastern Louisiana to become a tributary of the Red River
{n: Phoenix, capital of Arizona} the state capital and largest city located in south central Arizona; situated in a former desert that has become a prosperous agricultural area thanks to irrigation
{n: Platte, Platte River} a river in Nebraska that flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River
{n: Ra, Re} ancient Egyptian sun god with the head of a hawk; a universal creator; he merged with the god Amen as Amen-Ra to become the king of the gods
{n: Saone, Saone River} a river in eastern France; rises in Lorraine and flows south to become the chief tributary of the Rhone
{n: Saxon} a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons; dominant in England until the Norman conquest
{n: Still's disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis} a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
{n: Stropharia ambigua} a gilled fungus with a long stalk and a yellow slimy cap from which fragments of the broken veil hang; gills are initially white but become dark brown as spores are released
{n: Stropharia hornemannii} a gilled fungus with a large slimy purple or olive cap; gills become purple with age; the stalk is long and richly decorated with pieces of the white sheath that extends up to a ring
{n: Tennessee, Tennessee River} a river formed by the confluence of two other rivers near Knoxville; it follows a U-shaped course to become a tributary of the Ohio River in western Kentucky
{n: Tunguska, Stony Tunguska} a river in Siberia that flows northwest to become a tributary of the Yenisei River
{n: adult respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, wet lung, white lung} acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
{n: alienation} the action of alienating; the action of causing to become unfriendly "his behavior alienated the other students"
{n: alveolitis} inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic
{n: anastomosis, inosculation} a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
{n: ancient history} knowledge of some recent fact or event that has become so commonly known that it has lost its original pertinence
{n: archenteron} central cavity of the gastrula; becomes the intestinal or digestive cavity
{n: avionics} science and technology of electronic systems and devices for aeronautics and astronautics "avionics has become even more important with the development of the space program"
{n: axillary vein, vena axillaris} a continuation of the basilic vein and brachial vein that becomes the subclavian vein
{n: buggy whip} a horsewhip once used by a driver of a buggy "since buggies have been replaced by cars the buggy whip has become a symbol for anything that is hopelessly outmoded"
{n: capaciousness, roominess, spaciousness, commodiousness} spatial largeness and extensiveness (especially inside a building) "the capaciousness of Santa's bag astounded the child" "roominess in this size car is always a compromise" "his new office lacked the spaciousness that he had become accustomed to"
{n: charm campaign} a campaign of flattery and friendliness (by a company, politician, etc.) to become more popular and gain support
{n: clubbing} a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
{n: cold turkey} complete and abrupt withdrawal of all addictive drugs or anything else on which you have become dependent "he quit smoking cold turkey" "she quit her job cold turkey"
{n: compost heap, compost pile} a heap of manure and vegetation and other organic residues that are decaying to become compost
{n: conditioning} a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
{n: contract, declaration} (contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make
{n: copula, copulative, linking verb} an equating verb (such as `be' or `become') that links the subject with the complement of a sentence
{n: course, course of action} a mode of action "if you persist in that course you will surely fail" "once a nation is embarked on a course of action it becomes extremely difficult for any retraction to take place"
{n: crapshoot} a risky and uncertain venture "getting admitted to the college of your choice has become a crapshoot"
{n: cutaneous anthrax, malignant pustule} a form of anthrax infection that begins as papule that becomes a vesicle and breaks with a discharge of toxins; symptoms of septicemia are severe with vomiting and high fever and profuse sweating; the infection is often fatal
{n: cystic fibrosis, CF, fibrocystic disease of the pancreas, pancreatic fibrosis, mucoviscidosis} the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure
{n: dead metaphor, frozen metaphor} a metaphor that has occurred so often that it has become a new meaning of the expression (e.g., `he is a snake' may once have been a metaphor but after years of use it has died and become a new sense of the word `snake')
{n: dermatitis} inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
{n: dissimilation} a linguistic process by which one of two similar sounds in a word becomes less like the other "the Old French MARBRE became the English MARBLE by dissimilation"
{n: dissociation, disassociation} a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
{n: epiphysis} the end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused
{n: execution, execution of instrument} (law) the completion of a legal instrument (such as a contract or deed) by signing it (and perhaps sealing and delivering it) so that it becomes legally binding and enforceable
{n: external iliac artery} the outer branch of the common iliac artery on either side of the body; becomes the femoral artery
{n: extinction, experimental extinction} a conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned response becomes independent of the conditioned stimulus
{n: femoral vein, vena femoralis} a vein that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath; a continuation of the popliteal vein; becomes the external iliac vein
{n: fig tree} any moraceous tree of the tropical genus Ficus; produces a closed pear-shaped receptacle that becomes fleshy and edible when mature
{n: firedamp} a mixture of gases (mostly methane) that form in coal mines and become explosive when mixed with air
{n: fleawort, psyllium, Spanish psyllium, Plantago psyllium} plantain of Mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative
{n: fledgling, fledgeling} young bird that has just fledged or become capable of flying
{n: galax, galaxy, wandflower, beetleweed, coltsfoot, Galax urceolata} tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall
{n: gas, gaseous state} the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container
{n: golden groundsel, golden ragwort, Packera aurea, Senecio aureus} weedy herb of the eastern United States to Texas having golden-yellow flowers; sometimes becomes invasive; sometimes placed in genus Senecio
{n: grand mal, generalized seizure, epilepsia major} a seizure (or a type of epilepsy characterized by such seizures) during which the patient becomes unconscious and has convulsions over the entire body
{n: gumbo, gumbo soil} any of various fine-grained silty soils that become waxy and very sticky mud when saturated with water
{n: hebephrenia, hebephrenic schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, disorganized type schizophrenia} a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
{n: hyalinization, hyalinisation} the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline "the patient's arterioles showed marked hyalinization"
{n: hydrogen cyanide} a highly poisonous gas or volatile liquid that smells like bitter almonds; becomes a gas at around 90 degree Fahrenheit and is most dangerous when inhaled; the anhydride of hydrocyanic acid; used in manufacturing
{n: hypothesis, possibility, theory} a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena "a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory" "he proposed a fresh theory of alkalis that later was accepted in chemical practices"
{n: implantation, nidation} (embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
{n: institution} a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society "the institution of marriage" "the institution of slavery" "he had become an institution in the theater"
{n: joint resolution} a resolution passed by both houses of Congress which becomes legally binding when signed by the chief executive (or passed over the executive's veto)
{n: katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum} rapidly growing deciduous tree of low mountainsides of China and Japan; grown as an ornamental for its dark blue-green candy-scented foliage that becomes yellow to scarlet in autumn
{n: klondike} a form of solitaire that begins with seven piles of cards with the top cards facing up; descending sequences of cards of alternating colors are built on these piles; as aces become available they are placed above the seven piles; the object is to build sequences in suit from ace to king as the remaining cards are dealt out one at a time
{n: license, licence} excessive freedom; lack of due restraint "when liberty becomes license dictatorship is near"- Will Durant "the intolerable license with which the newspapers break...the rules of decorum"- Edmund Burke
{n: light reflex, pupillary reflex, miosis, myosis} reflex contraction of the sphincter muscle of the iris in response to a bright light (or certain drugs) causing the pupil to become smaller
{n: lividity} a state of fury so great the face becomes discolored
{n: lowering} the act of causing to become less
{n: microgliacyte} a cell of the microglia that may become phagocytic and collect waste products of nerve tissue
{n: microglia} neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic
{n: narco-state} an area that has been taken over and is controlled and corrupted by drug cartels and where law enforcement is effectively nonexistent "this Mexican town has become a narco-state that ships 100 pounds of cocaine to the United States every day"
{n: nova} a star that ejects some of its material in the form of a cloud and become more luminous in the process
{n: number} a select company of people "I hope to become one of their number before I die"
{n: oath, swearing} a commitment to tell the truth (especially in a court of law); to lie under oath is to become subject to prosecution for perjury
{n: overactivity} excessive activity "overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily"
{n: ovulation method of family planning, ovulation method} natural family planning in which the fertile period is inferred from changes in the character and quantity of cervical mucus; ovulation is marked by an increase in mucus that becomes sticky and then clearer and slippery
{n: pars intermedia} a thin piece of tissue that has become part of the posterior pituitary
{n: pentimento} the reappearance in a painting of an underlying image that had been painted over (usually when the later painting becomes transparent with age)
{n: perceiver, percipient, observer, beholder} a person who becomes aware (of things or events) through the senses
{n: plasma} (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons "particles in space exist in the form of a plasma"
{n: pragmatic sanction, pragmatic} an imperial decree that becomes part of the fundamental law of the land
{n: proenzyme, zymogen} any of a group of compounds that are inactive precursors of enzymes and require some change (such as the hydrolysis of a fragment that masks an active enzyme) to become active
{n: puberty, pubescence} the time of life when sex glands become functional
{n: pullulation, gemmation} asexual reproduction in which a local growth on the surface or in the body of the parent becomes a separate individual
{n: quickening} the process of showing signs of life "the quickening of seed that will become ripe grain"
{n: rank and file, rank} the ordinary members of an organization (such as the enlisted soldiers of an army) "the strike was supported by the union rank and file" "he rose from the ranks to become a colonel"
{n: raveling, ravelling} a bit of fiber that has become separated from woven fabric
{n: reality principle} (psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the ego; the principle that as a child grows it becomes aware of the real environment and the need to accommodate to it <-> pleasure principle
{n: reasonableness, moderateness, modestness} the property of being moderate in price or expenditures "the store is famous for the reasonableness of its prices" "the modestness of the living standards here becomes obvious immediately"
{n: retrenchment, curtailment, downsizing} the reduction of expenditures in order to become financial stable
{n: retronym} a word introduced because an existing term has become inadequate "Nobody ever heard of analog clocks until digital clocks became common, so `analog clock' is a retronym"
{n: seborrhea} a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
{n: sickness} defectiveness or unsoundness "drugs have become a sickness they cannot cure" "a great sickness of his judgment"
{n: solenoid} a coil of wire around an iron core; becomes a magnet when current passes through the coil
{n: spark} a small but noticeable trace of some quality that might become stronger "a spark of interest" "a spark of decency"
{n: takeoff} the initial ascent of an airplane as it becomes airborne
{n: tensor} any of several muscles that cause an attached structure to become tense or firm
{n: theater of war, theatre of war} the entire land, sea, and air area that may become or is directly involved in war operations
{n: transposon, jumping gene} a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
{n: trench warfare} a struggle (usually prolonged) between competing entities in which neither side is able to win "the hope that his superior campaigning skills would make a difference evaporated in the realization that electioneering had become a form of trench warfare"
{n: trip wire} a small military force that serves as a first line of defense; if they become engaged in hostilities it will trigger the intervention of stronger military forces
{n: tumefaction} the process of tumefying; the organic process whereby tissue becomes swollen by the accumulation of fluid within it
{n: vacuolization, vacuolisation, vacuolation} the state of having become filled with vacuoles
{n: warhorse} a work of art (composition or drama) that is part of the standard repertory but has become hackneyed from much repetition
{v: adolesce} become adolescent ; pass through adolescence "The children are beginning to adolesce around the age of 12"
{v: become, suit} enhance the appearance of "Mourning becomes Electra" "This behavior doesn't suit you!"
{v: befall, bechance, betide} become of ; happen to "He promised that no harm would befall her" "What has become of my children?"
{v: break, get out, get around} be released or become known ; of news "News of her death broke in the morning"
{v: calm, calm down, cool off, chill out, simmer down, settle down, cool it} become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation "After the fight both men need to cool off." "It took a while after the baby was born for things to settle down again."
{v: catch} become aware of "he caught her staring out the window"
{v: catch} cause to become accidentally or suddenly caught, ensnared, or entangled "I caught the hem of my dress in the brambles"
{v: change, alter, vary} make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence "her mood changes in accordance with the weather" "The supermarket's selection of vegetables varies according to the season"
{v: crackle} to become, or to cause to become, covered with a network of small cracks "The blazing sun crackled the desert sand"
{v: crack} cause to become cracked "heat and light cracked the back of the leather chair"
{v: defrost, deice, de-ice} make or become free of frost or ice "Defrost the car window"
{v: deliquesce} melt or become liquid by absorbig moisture from the air "this type of salt deliquesces easily"
{v: democratize, democratise} become (more) democratic ; of nations
{v: despond} lose confidence or hope ; become dejected "The supporters of the Presidential candidate desponded when they learned the early results of the election"
{v: dissimilate} become dissimilar or less similar "These two related tribes of people gradually dissimilated over time" <-> assimilate
{v: empty, discharge} become empty or void of its content "The room emptied" <-> fill
{v: fail} become bankrupt or insolvent ; fail financially and close "The toy company went bankrupt after the competition hired cheap Mexican labor" "A number of banks failed that year"
{v: film over, glaze over, blur} become glassy ; lose clear vision "Her eyes glazed over from lack of sleep"
{v: fracture} become fractured "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"
{v: generalize, generalise} become systemic and spread throughout the body "this kind of infection generalizes throughout the immune system"
{v: go out} go out of fashion ; become unfashionable <-> come in
{v: grow} become attached by or as if by the process of growth "The tree trunks had grown together"
{v: ice up, frost over, ice over} become covered with a layer of ice ; of a surface such as a window "When the wings iced up, the pilot was forced to land his plane"
{v: implant} become attached to and embedded in the uterus "The egg fertilized in vitro implanted in the uterus of the birth mother with no further complications"
{v: increase} become bigger or greater in amount "The amount of work increased" <-> decrease
{v: industrialize, industrialise} develop industry ; become industrial "The nations of South East Asia will quickly industrialize and catch up with the West"
{v: join, fall in, get together} become part of ; become a member of a group or organization "He joined the Communist Party as a young man"
{v: learn, hear, get word, get wind, pick up, find out, get a line, discover, see} get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally "I learned that she has two grown-up children" "I see that you have been promoted"
{v: lysogenize} become integrated into the genome of (a bacterium)
{v: macerate} become soft or separate and disintegrate as a result of excessive soaking "the tissue macerated in the water"
{v: occult} become concealed or hidden from view or have its light extinguished "The beam of light occults every so often"
{v: perceive, comprehend} to become aware of through the senses "I could perceive the ship coming over the horizon"
{v: perceive} become conscious of "She finally perceived the futility of her protest"
{v: professionalize, professionalise} become professional or proceed in a professional manner or in an activity for pay or as a means of livelihood
{v: purify} become clean or pure or free of guilt and sin "The hippies came to the ashram in order to purify"
{v: rate, value} estimate the value of "How would you rate his chances to become President?" "Gold was rated highly among the Romans"
{v: recede} become faint or more distant "the unhappy memories of her childhood receded as she grew older"
{v: rice} sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice "rice the potatoes"
{v: ritualize, ritualise} make or evolve into a ritual "The growing up of children has become ritualized in many cultures"
{v: run dry, dry out} become empty of water "The river runs dry in the summer"
{v: saponify} become converted into soap by being hydrolized into an acid and alcohol as a result of being treated with an alkali "the oil saponified"
{v: sense} become aware of not through the senses but instinctively "I sense his hostility"
{v: settle} become clear by the sinking of particles "the liquid gradually settled"
{v: settle} cause to become clear by forming a sediment (of liquids)
{v: sinter} used of powdery metals or ores ; to cause to become a coherent mass by heating without melting
{v: sober up, sober} become more realistic "After thinking about the potential consequences of his plan, he sobered up"
{v: suffuse} to become overspread as with a fluid, a colour, a gleam of light "His whole frame suffused with a cold dew"
{v: superannuate} retire or become ineligible because of old age or infirmity
{v: swell, puff up} become filled with pride, arrogance, or anger "The mother was swelling with importance when she spoke of her son"
{v: thin out} become sparser "Towards the end of town, the houses thinned out"
{v: unravel, unknot, unscramble, untangle, unpick} become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers or threads of "the sweater unravelled" <-> knot, ravel
{v: vesiculate} become vesicular or full of air cells "The organs vesiculated"
{v: vesiculate} cause to become vesicular or full of air cells "vesiculate an organ"
{v: warm to} become excited about "He warmed to the idea of a trip to Antarctica"
{v: wise up} cause someone to become aware of something


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