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〇〇;○○ [まるまる] /(n) (1) symbol used as a placeholder (either because a number of other words could be used in that position, or because of censorship)/(n-pref) (2) certain/unnamed/undisclosed/unidentified

○;〇 [まる] /(n) (1) (See 丸・まる・1) circle (sometimes used for zero)/(2) (See 二重丸・にじゅうまる) (ant: ×・ばつ・1) 'correct' (when marking)/(3) (See 〇〇・まるまる・1) symbol used as a placeholder (either because a number of other words could be used in that position, or because of censorship)/(4) (See 句点) period/full stop/(5) (See 半濁点) maru mark/semivoiced sound/p-sound

Cカード [シーカード] /(n) card carried by divers to prove they are certified

Google八分;グーグル八分 [グーグルはちぶ] /(n) (of a website) being delisted or censored by the Google search engine

IH調理器 [アイエッチちょうりき] /(n) (IH is induction heating) induction cooker

KY [ケーワイ;ケイーワイ;ケイワイ] /(n) (See 空気読めない) being unable to read the situation/being unable to pick up on the mood of a conversation (e.g. A and B are complaining about C, and D joins the conversation praising C)

Pトロ;Pとろ [ピートロ(Pトロ);ピーとろ(Pとろ)] /(n) ("P" is from "pig") (See 豚トロ・とんトロ・1,豚トロ・とんトロ・1) fatty pork (from cheek, neck or shoulder)

TPO [ティーピーオー] /(n) (See タイムプレイスオケイジョン) time, place, occasion/being able to exploit an opportunity

WYSIWYG [ウィジウィグ] /(n) {comp} what you see is what you get/WYSIWYG

Xデー [エックスデー] /(n) (col) day in the near future when a major event is expected to occur (wasei: X-day)

pH [ペーハー;ピーエイチ;ピーエッチ;ペー・ハー;ピー・エイチ;ピー・エッチ] /(n) {chem} (ペーハー is from German) (See 水素イオン指数) pH

wktk [ワクテカ] /(exp) (sl) (abbr) (short for ワクワクテカテカ) (See わくわく,てかてか) being excited/having the jitters (with expectation)

あきれ返る;呆れ返る;呆れかえる [あきれかえる] /(v5r,vi) to be utterly amazed/to be stunned/to be disgusted

あげ間 [あげまん] /(n) (uk) (col) woman purported to bring good luck to the man she is near

あっけらかん /(adv-to) quite indifferent/looking blank/looking as though one has nothing at all to do with what is going on

あったま来る [あったまくる] /(exp,vk) (uk) (col) (See 頭にくる) to get mad/to be highly offended/to get pissed off/to get angry/to lose one's cool

あってこその /(exp,adj-f) (emphatic version of あっての) (See あっての,こそ) which can exist solely due to the presence of/whose existence is determined entirely by/which owes everything to

あっての /(adj-f) which can exist solely due to the presence of/whose existence is determined entirely by/which owes everything to

あっと驚く;アッと驚く;アっと驚く(ik) [あっとおどろく(あっと驚く);アッとおどろく(アッと驚く);アっとおどろく(アっと驚く)(ik)] /(exp,v5k) to get a big surprise/to be astonished

あの世千日この世一日;彼の世千日此の世一日 [あのよせんにちこのよいちにち] /(exp) (proverb) a day in life is better than a thousand days in the afterlife/better one day in this world than a thousand in the next

あぼーん;あぼ〜ん;あぼん;あぼおん /(exp) (1) (sl) deleted/marks a bulletin board post that was deleted because it contained inappropriate content/(vs) (2) (sl) to delete/to break/to disappear

あらへん;あれへん /(exp) (ksb:) (See 無い・1) not/nonexistent/not being (there)

ありなさい /(exp) please be ....

ありゃ;ありゃあ;ありゃー /(int) oh/ah/I'll be darned/expression of surprise

あり方;在り方;有り方(iK) [ありかた] /(n) (1) the way something ought to be/(2) the (current) state of things/how things are

あるある /(exp) Oh yeah/Of course it is so/Cheer up, that's average/It happens/It's possible/Don't worry, it happens

あるに違いない;あるに違い無い [あるにちがいない] /(exp) there must be/you can be sure that

あるらしい /(exp) seems to be/appears to have/supposed to be

ある限り;有る限り [あるかぎり] /(n) (1) (See 限り・1,有る・1) all (there is)/(exp,n-adv) (2) as long as there is

ある時;或る時 [あるとき] /(exp) once (e.g. "once, when I was studying ..")/on one occasion/at one point

あわよくば /(exp) if there is a chance/if possible/if circumstances permit/if things go well/if luck is on my side

あんす /(aux-v) to be

あん摩(P);按摩 [あんま] /(n,vs) (1) massage, esp. the Anma Japanese type of massage/(n) (2) (sens) masseur/masseuse/massager/(3) (arch) (col) blind person (as many were traditionally massagers)

いい /(adj-ix) (1) (See 良い・よい・1) good/excellent/fine/nice/pleasant/agreeable/(2) (See 良い・よい・2) sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer)/ready/prepared/(3) (See 良い・よい・3) profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.)/beneficial/(4) (See 良い・よい・4) OK

いい加減にする;好い加減にする [いいかげんにする] /(exp,vs-i) to put an end to something/to get something over with/to quit something one has been engaged in too long or to an excessive degree

いい気になる [いいきになる] /(exp,v5r) to be self-complacent/to be conceited/to flatter oneself/to be full of oneself

いい子ぶる;好い子ぶる [いいこぶる] /(v5r) to act the goody-goody/to pretend to be nice

いい線 [いいせん] /(exp,n) (See いい線行く) more or less right/you are on the right track/getting warm

いい線いってる;いい線行ってる [いいせんいってる] /(exp,v1) (col) (See いい線を行く) to be on the right track/to be close enough

いい線を行く [いいせんをいく] /(exp,v5k-s) (See いい線行く・いいせんいく) to be on the right track/to go well

いい線行く [いいせんいく] /(exp,v5k-s) to be on the right track/to go well

いい年して [いいとしして] /(exp) (in spite of) being old enough to know better

いい年をして [いいとしをして] /(exp) (See いい年して) (in spite of) being old enough to know better

いい迷惑;良い迷惑 [いいめいわく] /(exp,n,adj-na) (the いい is ironic) real nuisance/becoming inconvenienced by someone else's problems (through no fault of one's own)

いい薬になる;良い薬になる [いいくすりになる] /(exp,v5r) to learn a lesson (usu. from an unpleasant experience)/to be good for someone

いかがお過ごしですか [いかがおすごしですか] /(exp) How are things with you?/How are you doing?

いかす;イカす /(v5s,vi) to be smart/to be cool/to be sharp/to be stylish

いかなる場合でも [いかなるばあいでも] /(exp) in any case/whatever the case may be

いかれる /(v1,vi) (1) to be beaten/to break down/(2) to be crazy/to be touched/(3) to be infatuated with/(4) to be outdone (by someone)/to be beaten (in a contest)

いくら何でも;幾ら何でも [いくらなんでも] /(exp) (uk) no matter how you put it/whatever the circumstances may be/say what you like/no matter how you look at it

いける;イケる /(v1,vi) (1) (from 行ける) to be good (at)/to go well/(2) to look (taste, etc.) good/(3) to hold one's liquor/to be able to hold one's drink

いざ知らず [いざしらず] /(exp) I don't know about ... but/it may be possible for ... but

いじける /(v1,vi) (1) to grow timid/to cower/to shrink/to lose one's nerve/(2) to become perverse/to become contrary/to become warped/to become withdrawn/(3) to be cramped/to be constrained

いたちの道;鼬の道 [いたちのみち] /(exp) not to write to or visit someone/road of the weasel (it is believed that if someone blocks the path a weasel, he will never take that path again)

いたちの道切り;鼬の道切り [いたちのみちきり] /(exp) (See いたちの道) not to write to or visit someone/road of the weasel (it is believed that if someone blocks the path a weasel, he will never take that path again)

いったい何なんですか [いったいなんなんですか] /(exp) what is it exactly?/what is it precisely

いらした /(exp) (hon) (abbr. of いらっしゃった) came/went/were (somewhere)/was (somewhere)/were (doing)/was (doing)

いらして /(exp) (hon) (abbr. of いらっしゃって) coming/going/being (somewhere)/being (doing something)

いらっしゃる /(v5aru,vi) (1) (hon) (sometimes erroneously written 居らっしゃる) to come/to go/to be (somewhere)/(v5aru,aux-v) (2) (hon) (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing)/are (doing)

うじゃける;うじゃじゃける /(v1) (1) (for a fruit) to go bad and lose its shape from being overripe or damaged/(2) to feel listless/to be dull/to be lazy/to look bored

うた沢;歌沢;哥沢 [うたざわ] /(n) (歌沢 was used especially by the Tora school that emphasized voice; 哥沢 was used especially by the Shiba school that emphasized shamisen) slow-paced style of shamisen music with vocal accompaniment (popular during the late Edo period)

うた沢節;歌沢節;哥沢節 [うたざわぶし] /(n) (歌沢節 was used especially by the Tora school that emphasized voice; 哥沢節 was used especially by the Shiba school that emphasized shamisen) (See うた沢) slow-paced style of shamisen music with vocal accompaniment (popular during the late Edo period)

うっとりする;ウットリする;うっとりとする;ウットリとする /(exp,vs-i) (1) (See うっとり・1,うっとりさせる) to be entranced/to be enraptured/to be transported/to be fascinated/(2) (See うっとり・2) to be absentminded/to be miles away/to be in a world of one's own

うつつを抜かす;現を抜かす;現つを抜かす [うつつをぬかす] /(exp,v5s) to be infatuated/to be hooked on

うまい汁を吸う;旨い汁を吸う [うまいしるをすう] /(exp,v5u) to be onto a good thing/to make money without working/to line one's pockets

うまい話;甘い話 [うまいはなし] /(exp,n) too-good-to-be-true offers (e.g. scams and frauds)/too-good-to-be-true stories

うわべを飾る;上辺を飾る [うわべをかざる] /(exp,v5r) to put on airs/to be pretentious/to window-dress/to pretend

うんざり(P);ウンザリ /(adv,adv-to,vs) (on-mim) tedious/boring/being fed up with

ええ(P);えー(ik) /(int) (1) yes/that is correct/right/(2) um/errr/(3) huh?/(4) grrr/gah/Must I?/(adj-f) (5) (ksb:) (See 良い・1) good

ええいままよ;えいままよ;ええままよ /(exp) (See 儘よ・ままよ) what do I care/oh well/what will be, will be

ええかっこしい;ええかっこしぃ;いいかっこしい /(n,adj-no) (col) (ksb:) acting cool/pretending to be a better person that one is/pretentious (person)

えべっさん;おいべっさん;えびっさん;おべっさん;およべっさん /(n) (col) (えべっさん can be 戎っさん) (See 恵比寿) Ebisu (local dialect forms)

えんがちょ;エンガチョ /(n) (1) (chn) crossed fingers and word said to call someone to be avoided as 'dirty'/(vs) (2) to cross one's fingers (to ward off 'dirt')

おかず味噌 [おかずみそ] /(n) {food} miso eaten as it is/neat miso as an accompaniment

おこ /(n) (sl) (See 怒る・1) anger/being angry/being mad

おこぼれに預かる;お零れに預かる [おこぼれにあずかる] /(exp) to get a tiny share of the profits/to get a small share of what someone is enjoying

おしどり夫婦;鴛鴦夫婦 [おしどりふうふ] /(exp) loving couple/couple of lovebirds/happily married couple (who are always together)

おじゃる /(v4r) (1) (arch) (hon) (See いらっしゃる) to come/to go/to be/(aux-v) (2) (See であります) (usu. after the particle 'de') forms a polite copula

おじゃんになる /(exp,v5r) to fall through/to come to nothing/to be ruined

おす /(exp) (pol) (kyb:) (See 在る・ある・1,居る・いる・1) to be

おたつく;オタつく /(v5k,vi) (See おたおた) to be flustered

おっしゃる通り;仰るとおり;仰る通り [おっしゃるとおり] /(exp) (hon) (See 言う通り) I agree with you/it is as (someone) says

おっぱいパブ /(n) (sl) (vulg) hostess bar where patrons are allowed to touch the hostesses' breasts

おっぱぶ;オッパブ;おっパブ /(n) (sl) (vulg) (abbr) (See おっぱいパブ) hostess bar where patrons are allowed to touch the hostesses' breasts

おっ魂消る;押っ魂消る [おったまげる] /(v1,vi) (uk) (See たまげる) to be very surprised/to be flabbergasted

おめおめ;オメオメ /(adv-to) (1) (on-mim) shamelessly/acting brazenly unaffected/(2) being resigned to (disgrace)

おりそう /(v4h,vi) (1) (hon) (pol) (arch) (See 御入り候・2) to be/(2) (hon) (arch) (See 御入り候・1) to go/to come

おりゃる /(vi,v4r) (1) (hon) (arch) (See いらっしゃる・1) to go/to come/(2) (hon) (arch) (See いらっしゃる・1) to be/(aux-v,v4r) (3) (hon) (arch) (See いらっしゃる・2) is (doing)/are (doing)/(vi,v4r) (4) (pol) (arch) (after で) (See ござる) to be

おんり /(vs) (chn) (from 降りる) to get down (from being carried)/to get off (a vehicle)

お暇なら [おひまなら] /(exp) (See 暇・ひま・1) if you are free/if you have time to spare/if not otherwise engaged

お火焚;御火焚;御火焼 [おひたき;おほたき] /(n) Kyoto area festival held on the 11th lunar month (wherein bonfires are burned at shrines)

お喜び申し上げる;お慶び申し上げる;お喜び申しあげる;お慶び申しあげる [およろこびもうしあげる] /(exp,v1) (usu. 〜ます) to express pleasure on receiving news, etc./to be glad to hear something

お気に召す;お気にめす;御気に召す [おきにめす] /(exp,v5s) (hon) (See 気に召す) to like/to prefer/to be pleased by

お気の毒 [おきのどく] /(exp,adj-na) (pol) (See 気の毒・1) I am sorry (to hear, to say, etc.)/a pity

お客様は神様です;御客様は神様です [おきゃくさまはかみさまです] /(exp) the customer is always right/the customer is king

お久しぶり(P);お久し振り;御久しぶり;御久し振り [おひさしぶり] /(exp) (See お久・おひさ) it's been a long time/long time no see

お見舞い;お見舞;御見舞い;御見舞 [おみまい] /(n) (See 見舞い) calling on someone who is ill/enquiry/inquiry

お元気ですか [おげんきですか] /(exp) how are you?

お互い様;お互いさま;御互い様 [おたがいさま] /(adj-na,n) we are of equal status in this regard

お高くとまる;お高く止まる;お高く留まる [おたかくとまる] /(exp,v5r) to assume an air of importance/to be self-important/to put on airs

お座なりになる [おざなりになる] /(exp,v5r) to not be taken seriously

お座敷がかかる;御座敷がかかる;お座敷が掛かる;御座敷が掛かる [おざしきがかかる] /(exp,v5r) to be invited (often to perform for an audience)/to be called

お仕舞い(P);お終い;御仕舞い;御終い;お仕舞;御仕舞 [おしまい] /(n) (1) (uk) (pol) (See 仕舞い・1) the end/closing/being done for/(exp) (2) (uk) That's it/That's enough/That's all

お姉さん(P);お姐さん;御姉さん;御姐さん [おねえさん] /(n) (1) (hon) (usu. お姉さん) (See 姉さん・1) elder sister/(2) (See 姉さん・2) (vocative) young lady/(3) (usu. お姐さん) (See 姉さん・3) miss (referring to a waitress, etc.)/(4) (usu. お姐さん) (See 姉さん・4) ma'am (used by geisha to refer to their superiors)/(5) older girl (no relation)

お邪魔;御邪魔 [おじゃま] /(n,vs) (pol) (suru and itasu verb forms are used as set phrases said prior to entering or leaving someone's home) (See 邪魔・1,お邪魔します・おじゃまします) hindrance/intrusion

お手つき;お手付き;御手付き [おてつき] /(n) (1) touching a wrong card/(2) making a mistress of a servant/mistress (who is one's servant)

お手柔らかに;御手柔らかに [おてやわらかに] /(exp) (id) Don't be too hard on me (us, them)

お手数をおかけいたします;お手数をおかけ致します [おてすうをおかけいたします] /(exp) (hum) (See 手数をかける) to be a burden/to make trouble for someone

お出で;御出で [おいで] /(n) (1) (hon) (uk) (See お出でになる) coming/going/being (somewhere)/(exp) (2) (col) (abbr) (uk) (used as an imperative, usu. to children and one's inferiors) come/go/stay

お出でなさる;御出でなさる [おいでなさる] /(v5aru,vi) (1) (uk) (hon) to come/to go/to be (somewhere)/(2) (after the -te form of a verb) -ing

お出でになる;御出でになる [おいでになる] /(exp,v5r) (1) (uk) (hon) (See お出で・1) to be/(2) to come/(3) to go

お暑うございます;お暑うご座います [おあつうございます] /(exp) it is warm (very polite)

お世話になる;御世話になる [おせわになる] /(exp,v5r) (See 世話になる) to receive favor (favour)/to be much obliged to someone/to be indebted/to be grateful

お先棒を担ぐ [おさきぼうをかつぐ] /(exp,v5g) to be a willing cats-paw or tool for a person

お粗末さまでした;お粗末様でした [おそまつさまでした] /(exp) (hum) (See お粗末) expression of humility said by the person who provided a meal after it is eaten

お早う(P);御早う [おはよう] /(int) (uk) (abbr) (from お早く; may be used colloquially at any time of day) (See お早うございます,早い・2) good morning

お早うございます [おはようございます] /(int) (uk) (pol) (may be used more generally at any time of day) (See お早う) good morning

お蔵入り;御蔵入り [おくらいり] /(n,vs) being postponed/being shelved/being put on hold

お宅(P);御宅 [おたく] /(n) (1) (hon) your house/your home/your family/(2) (hon) your husband/(3) (hon) your organization/(pn,adj-no) (4) (hon) you (referring to someone of equal status with whom one is not especially close)

お茶を濁す [おちゃをにごす] /(exp,v5s) (1) to be evasive/to give an evasive answer/(2) to speak ambiguously/to prevaricate/(3) to cook up a specious story to get out of an uncomfortable situation/(4) to make do with

お任せ;御任せ [おまかせ] /(n,vs) (See 任せる・1,任せる・2) leaving a decision to someone else (often of a meal to be selected by the chef)

お鉢が回ってくる;お鉢が回って来る;御鉢が回ってくる;御鉢が回って来る [おはちがまわってくる] /(exp,vk) (id) it's my turn/the ball is in my court/it's up to me

お腹の子(P);おなかの子 [おなかのこ] /(exp) child one is expecting/child in one's womb

お変わりありませんか [おかわりありませんか] /(exp) (pol) how have (you) been? (gen. used after some time apart)/nothing (untoward) has happened, has it?

お目にかかる;お目に掛かる;御目にかかる;御目に掛かる [おめにかかる] /(exp,v5r) (1) (hum) (See 会う,目にかかる) to meet (someone of higher status)/(2) (arch) to be recognized (esp. by someone of higher status)/to be visible/to be seen/to be noticed

お目に留まる;お目にとまる;御目に留まる [おめにとまる] /(exp,v5r) to be recognized (by someone of higher status)/to be noticed/to get attention

お役御免;お役ご免;お役ごめん;御役御免;御役ごめん;御役ご免 [おやくごめん] /(n) dismissal/firing/retirement/being relieved from one's post/being relieved of a burden

お預け;御預け [おあずけ] /(n) (1) wait (until one is given permission)/(2) postponement/putting on hold

お預けを食う;御預けを食う [おあずけをくう] /(exp,v5u) to have to wait (for the realization of something hoped for)/to be forced to postpone

お預けを食らう;御預けを食らう [おあずけをくらう] /(exp,v5u) to have to wait (for the realization of something hoped for)/to be forced to postpone

お留守になる [おるすになる] /(exp,v5r) to fail to be attentive to

お洒落(P);御洒落(P) [おしゃれ(P);オシャレ] /(adj-na,adj-no) (1) (uk) (See 洒落・しゃれ・2) smartly dressed/stylish/fashion-conscious/(n) (2) (uk) someone smartly dressed/(vs) (3) (uk) to dress up/to be fashionable

か /(prt) (1) (was written as 歟; used at sentence-end) indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical)/(2) (after each alternative) or/whether or not/(3) (after an interrogative) (See 何か) some- (e.g. something, someone)/(4) (sometimes after other particles) (See とか) indicates doubt, uncertainty, etc./(pref) (5) (usu. before an adjective) (See か弱い) emphatic prefix/(suf) (6) (after an indeclinable word) (See 定か) suffix forming adjectives or adverbs/(adv) (7) (arch) in that way

かっか;カッカ /(vs,adv-to,adv) (1) (on-mim) to burn hotly/to burn redly/(2) (on-mim) to lose one's temper/to get mad/to be upset

かな(P);かなあ /(prt) (1) (at sentence end) I wonder/(2) (at sentence end) should I?/is it?/(3) (at sentence end) I wish that (with a negative)/I hope that

かぶせ茶;冠茶 [かぶせちゃ] /(n) (See 煎茶・せんちゃ・2) kabusecha/mild green tea which has been lightly screened from sunlight for 1-3 weeks before picking

かも /(prt) (abbr) (See かもしれない) may/might/perhaps/may be/possibly

かもしれん /(exp) (See かも知れない) may/might/perhaps/may be/possibly

かもね /(exp) (at sentence end) (See かも,ね・1) maybe/could be/might

かも知れない [かもしれない] /(exp) (uk) may/might/perhaps/may be/possibly

かも知れません [かもしれません] /(exp) (uk) (pol) (See かも知れない・かもしれない) may/might/perhaps/may be/possibly

かも知んない [かもしんない;かもしない] /(exp) (uk) (col) (See かもしれない) may/might/perhaps/may be/possibly

かゆいところに手が届く;痒いところに手が届く;かゆい所に手が届く;痒い所に手が届く [かゆいところにてがとどく] /(exp,v5k) to be extremely thorough, focusing on even the finest of details

かような次第で [かようなしだいで] /(exp,conj) thus/such being the case/in these circumstances

からと言って [からといって] /(exp) (uk) while it may be true that/just because/nevertheless/not necessarily

がかる /(suf,v5r) (1) (after a noun) (See 時代がかる) to appear .../to look like .../to seem .../(2) (See 赤がかる) to have a trace of/to be tinged with

がたつく /(v5k,vi) to rattle/to be bumpy/to be shaky/to be unsteady

がっつく /(v5k,vi) (See がつがつ) to be greedy/to devour greedily

がな;がなあ /(prt) (1) (at sentence-end) (See もがな) particle used to indicate the speaker's hope, desire, wish, etc. (e.g. "it would be nice if ...", "I wish there were ...", etc.)/(2) (col) (at sentence-end) emphatic particle/(3) (often associated with an interrogative) particle adding uncertainty

がる /(suf,v5r) (1) (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) to show signs of being/to feel/to think/(2) to behave as if one were/to pretend/to act as if/(3) (See たがる) to want/to desire/to be anxious to/to be eager to

がん /(adv-to) (1) (on-mim) thump/thud (dull sound representing something being hit)/(2) severe/difficult/hard

きまり悪い;決まり悪い;決り悪い;極まり悪い [きまりわるい] /(adj-i) feeling awkward/being ashamed/being bashful

きも可愛い;キモ可愛い [きもかわいい(きも可愛い);キモかわいい(キモ可愛い);キモカワイイ] /(adj-f) (sl) (col) being both repellant and attractive at the same time/being both cute and disgusting

ぎゃふん /(n) speechlessness/state of being unable to argue

ぎゃふんと言う [ぎゃふんという] /(exp,v5u) to be beaten hollow/to be argued into silence

ぎゅう /(adv,adv-to) (1) (on-mim) squeezing something tightly/sound made by someone (or something) being squeezed/(2) criticizing someone severely/sound made by someone being criticized/(n) (3) (col) hug

ぎょっと(P);ギョッと /(adv,vs) (on-mim) being startled

くすむ /(v5m,vi) to be quiet/to be dull/to darken

くたばり損ない [くたばりぞこない] /(exp) (vulg) (uk) (See くたばる・1) worthless (of a person)/somebody who wouldn't be missed if they died

くたばる /(v5r,vi) (1) (col) to kick the bucket/to drop dead/to die/to croak/(2) to be pooped/to be exhausted/to be knackered

くっ付く(P);食っ付く [くっつく] /(v5k,vi) (1) (uk) to adhere to/to stick to/to cling to/(2) (uk) to keep close to/to go along with/(3) (uk) to get involved with/to be thick with/to become intimate

くねる /(v5r,vi) to bend loosely back and forth/to wriggle/to be crooked

くり下がる;繰り下がる;繰下がる;繰り下る;繰下る [くりさがる] /(v5r,vi) (1) (ant: 繰り上がる・くりあがる・1) to be moved back (e.g. date, rank, order)/to be postponed/(2) {math} (See 繰り上がる・くりあがる・2) to be borrowed (of a number in subtraction)

くんろ /(aux) (ksb:) (contraction of くれろ) (See 呉れる) to give/to let one have/to do for one/to be given

ぐらつく /(v5k,vi) (1) to be unsteady/to reel/to shake/(2) to waver/to be unsettled (feelings, thoughts, etc.)

け;っけ /(prt) particle indicating that the speaker is trying to recall some information

けりが付く;鳧が付く(ateji) [けりがつく] /(exp,v5k) (uk) (See けり) to be settled/to be brought to an end

げす;げえす;げんす /(aux) (arch) (pol) (often as でげす) (See ございます) to be/to exist

げっそり /(adv,vs) (1) (on-mim) being disheartened/being dejected/(adv,adv-to,vs) (2) (on-mim) losing a lot of weight/becoming very thin

こうすると /(exp) having done this/if this is done/if it is done in this way

こうすれば /(exp) if you do this/if this is the case

こせこせ /(adv,adv-to,vs) (1) (on-mim) fussy/making a big deal out of nothing/fidgety/restless/(2) (on-mim) being cramped/being claustrophobic

こせつく /(v5k) (See こせこせ) to be stressed/to be fussy/to be restless

こそあど /(n) {ling} Japanese ko-so-a-do demonstratives (e.g. pronouns: kore, sore, are, dore)

こちらこそ /(exp) it is I who should say so

こちらの話;此方の話 [こちらのはなし] /(exp) (1) matter being discussed (e.g. in a private conversation)/(2) our side of the story (in contrast to another's version)

こっちの話 [こっちのはなし] /(exp) (1) (col) (See こちらの話・1) matter being discussed (e.g. in a private conversation)/(2) our side of the story (in contrast to another's version)

こっちゃ /(exp) (1) (from ことでは) (as for (that)) thing/(given (that)) thing/matter/fact/(2) (ksb:) (from ことじゃ, equiv. to ことだ) (it is a ~) thing/matter/fact

こってり;ごってり /(adv,adv-to,vs) (1) (on-mim) (ごってり is emphatic) thickly/heavily/richly/(2) (on-mim) severely/strongly

ことが出来る(P);事ができる(P);事が出来る(P) [ことができる] /(exp,v1) (uk) can (do)/to be able to (do)/can be done/is able to be done

ことここに至る;事ここに至る [ことここにいたる] /(exp,v5r) to reach a situation about which nothing can be done

ことになっている /(exp,v1) to be scheduled to (do)/to be expected to (do)

ことよろ;コトヨル /(n) (col) (abbr) (See あけおめことよろ) abbreviation of "kotoshi mo yoroshiku onegai shimasu" (please be kind to me again this year)

ことを好む;事を好む [ことをこのむ] /(exp,v5m) to revel in trouble and discord/to be bent on making trouble/to like starting fights

この後;此の後 [このあと;このご;こののち] /(n-adv,n-t) (このご is more formal) after this/henceforth/henceforward/from now on

この分では [このぶんでは] /(exp) as affairs stand/judging from the present situation/as things are now

この儘;此の儘 [このまま] /(exp) (uk) as is/as it is/as things are/like this/this way/at this rate

こましゃくれる;こまっしゃくれる;こまちゃくれる;こまっちゃくれる /(v1) to be saucy (of children)/to be impudent/to be cheeky/to be sassy/to be precocious

これで勝つる [これでかつる] /(exp) (sl) victory is mine/with this, I'll win

ころころ(P);コロコロ;ころんころん /(adv-to,adv,vs) (1) (on-mim) lightly rolling (of a small and round thing)/(2) (on-mim) pleasant, high-pitched sound (e.g. bell, young woman's laughter)/(3) (on-mim) changing frequently (e.g. conversation, plans)/(occurring) in rapid succession (e.g. sumo wrestlers being defeated)/fickly/in a fickle manner/(4) (on-mim) roly-poly/(adv-to,adv) (5) (on-mim) chirp chirp/sound of insects/(6) (on-mim) (See ケロケロ) ribbit ribbit/croak croak/sound of frogs/(n) (7) (ころころ, コロコロ only) (on-mim) roller/lint roller/paint roller

ごたつく /(v5k,vi) (1) (See ごたごた・2) to be confused/to be in disorder/to be chaotic/to be crowded/(2) (See ごたごた・1) to have troubles/to be in a dispute/to argue/to be entangled (in a situation)

ごった返す;ごった返えす(io) [ごったがえす] /(v5s,vi) to be in confusion or commotion/to be in a turmoil/to be crowded or jammed with people

ごてつく /(v5k,vi) (1) to be confused/to be in disorder/to be chaotic/(2) to have troubles/to be in a dispute/(3) to complain vigorously/to complain persistently

ごぼっ /(adv-to) (on-mim) gurgling down/being sucked into/caving in suddenly

ごわす;ごわんす /(aux-v) (Satsuma) to be

ごんす /(exp) (abbr) (arch) (pol) (See 御座んす) to be/to exist

ご影;御影 [ごえい;みえい(御影);ぎょえい(御影)] /(n) (hon) (ぎょえい is usu. for royalty; みえい for Buddhism) image (esp. of a deity, buddha, royal, noble, etc.)

ご機嫌;御機嫌 [ごきげん] /(n) (1) (hon) (pol) (See 機嫌・1) humour/humor/temper/mood/spirits/(2) (hon) (pol) safety/health/well-being/one's situation/(adj-na) (3) in a good mood/in high spirits/happy/cheery/merry/chipper

ご機嫌いかがですか [ごきげんいかがですか] /(exp) (uk) How are you?

ご自愛ください;ご自愛下さい;御自愛下さい [ごじあいください] /(exp) please take care of yourself/please be careful not to... (concerning one's health or well-being)

ご承知のとおり;ご承知の通り [ごしょうちのとおり] /(exp) (See ご承知のように・ごしょうちのように) as you are aware/as you know

ご承知のように [ごしょうちのように] /(exp) (See ご承知のとおり・ごしょうちのとおり) as you know/as you are aware

ご多分にもれず;ご多分に漏れず;御多分に漏れず;ご多分に洩れず;御多分に洩れず;御多分にもれず [ごたぶんにもれず] /(exp) (See 御多分) as is usual with/in common with

ご馳走さま(P);御馳走様 [ごちそうさま] /(int) (1) (uk) word used after one has been treated (esp. used after a meal)/(2) (uk) used after hearing something lovey-dovey

ご馳走様でした;御馳走様でした [ごちそうさまでした] /(exp) (uk) That was a delicious meal (said after meals)/What a wonderful meal

ご注意;御注意 [ごちゅうい] /(n) caution/being careful/attention (heed)/warning/advice

ご無理ごもっとも;御無理御尤も;ご無理ご尤も [ごむりごもっとも] /(exp) you are unquestionably right

ご連絡申し上げます [ごれんらくもうしあげます] /(exp) I am writing ..../we are contacting ...

さざめく;さんざめく;ざんざめく;ざざめく /(v5k,vi) to be boisterously noisy

さす /(v5s,vt) (1) (See 為せる・1) to make (someone) do/(2) (See 為せる・2) to allow (someone) to/(aux-v,v5s) (3) auxiliary verb indicating the causative/(4) auxiliary verb indicating that one has been granted the permission to do something/(5) auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions/(n) (6) (arch) swidden

さては /(conj) (1) and then/besides/on top of that/(2) in that case/that being the case/if so

さらにも言わず;更にも言わず [さらにもいわず] /(exp) (id) it is needless to say

さらに悪いことに [さらにわるいことに] /(exp) and what is worse/to make matters worse

ざあ;ざ /(exp) (after the -nai stem of a verb, usu. accompanied by まい, esp. as 〜ざあなるまい) (See まい・1) if it is not .../if it does not ...

ざけんなよ;ざけんじゃねーよ /(exp) (vulg) (See ふざけんなよ) fuck you!/don't fuck with me!/don't fuck around!/don't be a screw off!

ざらつく;ザラつく /(v5k,vi) (See ざらざら・1) to be rough feeling

ざり /(aux) (1) (arch) (from 〜ずあり) (used after a -nai stem) not .../(exp) (2) (from 〜ぞあり; usu. as 〜にざりける) is/are

ざるべからず /(exp,aux) (arch) (attaches to the imperfective form; from ざり + べし) (See なければならない,なくてはならない・2) must (do, be)

ざるを得ない [ざるをえない] /(exp,adj-i) cannot help (doing)/have no choice but to/am compelled to/am obliged to/it is incumbent upon (me) to

ざるを得ぬ [ざるをえぬ] /(exp) (See ざるを得ない・ざるをえない) cannot help (doing)/have no choice but to/am compelled to/am obliged to/it is incumbent upon (me) to

ざんす;ざます /(aux-v) (arch) to be

しいさあ;シーサー;しーしー;しし /(n) (しーしー and しし are col.) (See 獅子) Okinawan lion (or lion dog) statues, placed as talisman against evil at entrances and on roofs

しかしも案山子もない [しかしもかかしもない;しかしもカカシもない] /(exp) (uk) (resp. when other party is equivocating, such as saying しかし) stop complaining/stop making excuses

しかない /(exp,adj-i) (1) have no choice/(2) there is nothing but/(3) no more than

しくじる /(v5r,vi) (1) to fail/to blunder/to mess up/to screw up/(2) to be dismissed/to be fired

したがる /(exp,v5r) (1) to wish (to do)/to desire/to want/(2) to be ready/to be eager

しっくり /(adv-to) (1) (on-mim) exactly/nicely/to a tee/(vs) (2) to be fitting

しつつある /(exp,v5r-i) to be doing/to be in the process of doing

しつつ行う;しつつ行なう [しつつおこなう] /(exp,v5u) (1) to be carrying out/to be in the process of carrying out/(2) to be performing/to be in the process of performing

してみると;してみれば /(exp) then/in that case/considering/if that is the case/if so

して遣られる [してやられる] /(exp,v1) (uk) (See して遣る) to be forestalled/to be taken in/to be cheated/to be outwitted

しばらくの間;暫くの間 [しばらくのあいだ] /(exp,adv) for a short while/for a while/for some time/for the time being

しみったれる /(v1,vi) to be stingy/to be tightfisted

しもた屋;仕舞た屋;仕舞屋(io) [しもたや] /(n) store that has been gone out of business/household that lives without carrying on a business

しゃあない;しゃーない /(exp) (ksb:) (See 仕方がない) it can't be helped/so it goes/c'est la vie

しゃぶしゃぶ /(n) (on-mim) {food} (from the sound of this dish being prepared) shabu-shabu/thinly sliced meat boiled quickly with vegetables, and dipped in sauce

しゃれっ気;洒落っ気 [しゃれっけ] /(n) (1) fashion-consciousness/desire to be stylish/(2) humor/humour/wit

しゃんと /(adv,vs) (on-mim) being in shape/holding a dignified appearance

しょげ込む;悄気込む [しょげこむ] /(v5m,vi) to be utterly disheartened

しょげ返る;悄気返る [しょげかえる] /(v5r,vi) to be dispirited/to be dejected/to lose heart/to become discouraged/to be crestfallen/to be utterly disheartened/to be despondent

しょぼくれる /(v1,vi) (See 悄気る) to be dispirited/to be dejected/to be disheartened/to lose heart

しょんどい /(adj-i) (sl) (from 正直しんどい) very tiresome/exhausting/being a damn nuisance

し慣れる;仕馴れる [しなれる] /(v1) to be used to doing/to be experienced in

し兼ねる;仕兼ねる [しかねる] /(v1) (uk) (See 仕兼ねない) to be reluctant to do/to hesitate to do/to refuse to do/to be unable to do

じいんと;ジーンと;ジンと;じーんと;じんと /(adv) (1) (on-mim) extremely cold feeling that makes one feel numb/sharp pain that is almost numbing/(2) heartrending/touching the heart

じゃない;ぢゃない(ik) /(exp,adj-i) (1) (from ではない) is not/am not/are not/(2) isn't it?

じゃれ付く;戯れつく;戯れ付く [じゃれつく] /(v5k,vi) (uk) to be playful (of a child or animal)/to play/to sport/to frolic

じゃ無さそう [じゃなさそう] /(exp,aux) (uk) (See では無さそう・ではなさそう) does not seem (to be)

すかす /(v5s) to pose/to be affected/to put on an air

すくみ上がる;竦み上がる;竦みあがる [すくみあがる] /(v5r) to cringe with fear/to cower with fright/to be terribly afraid

すっと(P);スッと;スーッと;すうっと /(adv,vs) (1) (on-mim) (スーッと and すうっと are more emphatic) straight/quickly/directly/all of a sudden/(2) (on-mim) quietly/gently/softly/(vs) (3) to feel refreshed/to feel satisfied

すっぽり(P);ずっぽり;ずっぽし /(adv,adv-to) (1) (on-mim) (esp. when being covered in something) entirely/completely/(2) (esp. when something is inserted or removed) cleanly/snugly

すぽっと;スポッと /(adv) (1) (on-mim) snugly (into hole, container, etc.)/tightly (fitting, covering)/firmly/(2) (on-mim) (with a) pop (i.e. sound of a cork, etc. being pulled out of a hole in one movement)/with a plop/(fall) straight

すぽり /(adv,adv-to) (1) (on-mim) (See すぽっと・1) snugly (into hole, container, etc.)/tightly (fitting, covering)/firmly/(adv) (2) (on-mim) (See すぽっと・2) (with a) pop (i.e. sound of a cork, etc. being pulled out of a hole in one movement)/with a plop/(fall) straight

すぽん;スポン;ずぼん /(adv,adv-to) (1) (on-mim) (See すぽっと・1) snugly (into hole, container, etc.)/tightly (fitting, covering)/firmly/(2) (on-mim) (See すぽっと・2) (with a) pop (i.e. sound of a cork, etc. being pulled out of a hole in one movement)/with a plop/(fall) straight

すまじき /(adj-f) should not be done/must not be done

すまじきものは宮仕え [すまじきものはみやづかえ] /(exp) wretched is the lot of a government official/it is better to work for oneself than to work for someone else

すまた /(adj-no,n) (1) (arch) off tempo/out of tune/(n,adj-no) (2) (arch) being off the mark/wrong guess/miscalculation

すれ違い;擦れ違い [すれちがい] /(n) passing each other/crossing paths without meeting/being at cross purposes

ずして /(conj,aux) (attaches to the imperfective form) (See ないで・1) without doing/not being

ずっこける /(v1,vi) (1) to fall down (e.g. off a chair)/to slip down (e.g. one's eyeglasses)/to slide down/(2) to make a fool of oneself/(3) to whoop it up/to be on the spree/to cut loose/to mess around

ずっと(P);ずーっと(P);ずうっと /(adv) (1) (ずーっと and ずうっと are more emphatic) continuously in some state (for a long time, distance)/throughout/all along/the whole time/all the way/(2) much (better, etc.)/by far/far and away/(3) far away/long ago/(4) direct/straight

ずとも /(conj,aux) (attaches to the imperfective form) even without doing/even without being

ずば;ずんば;ずは /(exp) (arch) (after the -nai stem of a verb; ずは is now pronounced ずわ) if it is not .../if it does not ...

ずば抜ける [ずばぬける] /(v1,vi) to tower above the rest/to be by far the best/to be prominent/to be outstanding/to be a cut above

ずぼら箸 [ずぼらばし] /(n) (obsc) picking up a bowl with one's right hand which is already holding one's chopsticks (a breach of etiquette)

ずれる(P);ズレる /(v1,vi) to slide/to slip off/to get dislocated/to be out of alignment/to get dislodged/to deviate/to shift (position)/to be out of sync./to be slightly off/to be off-point

ずれ込む [ずれこむ] /(v5m,vi) to drag on/to be delayed

せざるを得ない [せざるをえない] /(exp,adj-i) (See ざる) cannot avoid doing/cannot help but (do)/is compelled to do/(feel) obliged to (do)/has to do

せざる得ない [せざるえない] /(exp,adj-i) (See ざる,せざるを得ない) cannot avoid doing/cannot help but (do)/is compelled to do/(feel) obliged to (do)/has to do

せや /(n) (ksb:) (See そうだ・1) that is right/that is so/oh, right

せる;させる /(aux-v,v1) (1) (せる is for 五段 verbs, させる for 一段; follows the imperfective form of (v5) and (vs) verbs; senses 1-3 of せる are sometimes abbreviated as 〜す) auxiliary verb indicating the causative/(2) (hum) (usu. as 〜(さ)せてもらう, 〜(さ)せていただく, etc.) auxiliary verb indicating that one has been granted the permission to do something/(3) (hon) (as 〜(さ)せられる, 〜あら(さ)せられる, 〜(さ)せ給う, etc.) auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions

そういうことなら /(exp) that being the case/in that case/if that's how it's going to go

そうか(P);そっか /(exp) is that so? (generally rhetorical)

そうすると /(exp) having done that/if that is done/if it is done in that way

そうだ(P);そうです(P) /(int) (1) that is so/that is right/it looks to me/I am of the impression/(exp) (2) people say that (after plain verb, adj)/it is said that/I hear that

そうでない場合は [そうでないばあいは] /(exp) if this is not the case

そうなると /(exp) if that is the case/if it becomes so/when it becomes so

そうなんです /(int) (col) yes/that is so

そうなんですか /(exp) (See そうなんです,そうなんですけどねぇ) is that so?

そうなんですけどねぇ /(exp) that may be so

そうは問屋が卸さない;そうは問屋がおろさない;然うは問屋が卸さない [そうはとんやがおろさない] /(exp) things don't work that well in the real world/things seldom go as one wishes/that is expecting too much/it won't be that easy

そう来なくっちゃ [そうこなくっちゃ] /(exp) (col) I thought so/I suspected as much/Just as I thought/Now you are talking/That's the spirit

そぐう /(v5u,vi) (See そぐわない) to be suitable/to be appropriate/to match

そこへ持ってきて [そこへもってきて] /(exp) what is worse/to make matters worse

そそける /(v1) to be nappy/to get fluffy

そそけ立つ [そそけだつ] /(v5t,vi) (1) to be nappy/to be disheveled (hair)/(2) to shudder

そそられる /(v1,vt) to be interesting/to be fascinating/to be tantalizing/to be intriguing

そっくり其の儘 [そっくりそのまま] /(exp,adv,adj-no,adj-na) (uk) exactly the same/exactly as is/without any change

そっと(P);そうっと;そおっと;そーっと /(adv,vs) (1) (on-mim) softly/gently/quietly/(2) (on-mim) (See こっそり) secretly/stealthily/(vs) (3) (on-mim) to leave alone/to leave as it is

そっぽを向く;外方を向く [そっぽをむく] /(v5k,exp) (1) to turn away/to face away/to ignore/(2) to be uncooperative/to be unconciliatory

そのまさかだ /(exp) (often as resp. to まさか...) (See 真逆・まさか・1) yes it is!/it surely is/certainly

その気 [そのき] /(exp,n) what one has a mind to do/what one feels like (doing)/being so minded/(with) that in mind

その後;其の後 [そのあと;そのご;そののち] /(exp,n-adv,n-t) (そのご is more formal) after that/afterwards/thereafter

その手は食わない;その手はくわない;其の手は食わない [そのてはくわない] /(exp) (See その手・そのて・2) I am not going to fall for that trick/that trick won't work on me

その他(P);その外(P);其の他 [そのほか(P);そのた] /(n-adv,conj) (そのた is more the written form) etc./otherwise/besides/in addition/the rest/the others/and so forth

その分;其の分 [そのぶん] /(exp) (1) (See 其れだけ) to that extent/(2) accordingly/that being the case/because of that/this means that .../(3) that state/that condition

そら /(int) (1) look!/look out!/look at me!/here!/there!/(exp) (2) (abbr) (col) (See それは・2) that is

そら来た [そらきた] /(exp) (col) (See それ来た) there it is/there it comes/got it/of course/it figures/I knew it/expression one says when what is expected comes

それだけの価値がある [それだけのかちがある] /(exp,v5r-i) to be deserved/to be worth it/to have merit/to have value

それにしても /(exp) (See 其れでも・それでも) nevertheless/at any rate/even so/all things considered/be that as it may

それは;そりゃ;そりゃあ /(adv) (1) (See それはそれは・2) very/extremely/(exp) (2) that is

それはそれで /(exp) in that case/(might not be what was expected or hoped for but) if that's the case

それ来た [それきた] /(exp) there it is/there it comes/got it/of course/it figures/I knew it/expression one says when what is expected comes

そんなもの;そんなもん;そういうもの;そういうもん /(exp,n) that's the way it is/such is life

そんな訳で [そんなわけで] /(exp) (uk) therefore/for that reason/such being the case

ぞっと;ゾッと /(adv,vs) (on-mim) (See ぞっとしない) shuddering/shivering/trembling/being horrified/being disgusted

たかが知れる;高が知れる [たかがしれる] /(exp,v1) to be of no importance

たがが外れる;タガが外れる;箍が外れる [たががはずれる(たがが外れる,箍が外れる);タガがはずれる(タガが外れる)] /(exp,v1,vi) to become unrestrained and go to excess/to lose all restraint/to lose one's tension and become relaxed/to let go/to become disorderly/to be scattered/to lose one's self-control

ただいま帰りました;只今帰りました;ただ今帰りました [ただいまかえりました] /(exp,int) (See ただ今・1) Here I am/I'm home!

ただ今(P);唯今(oK);只今 [ただいま] /(int,exp) (1) (uk) (abbr) (See ただいま帰りました) Here I am/I'm home!/(n-t,adv) (2) presently/right away/right now/just now

たらしめる /(v1) (arch) to make/to make something what it should be/to cause to be

たらんと /(n,vs) tending to be/wanting to be

たり(P);だり /(prt) (1) (as …たり…たり, after the ren'youkei forms of multiple verbs) -ing and -ing (e.g. "coming and going")/(2) (used adverbially) doing such things as.../(3) (as …たり…たり at sentence-end, after the ren'youkei forms of a repeated verb) expresses a command/(aux-v) (4) (たり only) (arch) (from とあり, after a noun) (See たる) to be/(5) (たり only) (arch) (from 〜てあり, after the ren'youkei form of a verb) indicates completion or continuation of an action

たりけり /(exp,aux-v) (arch) auxiliary verb indicating past condition or occurrence (e.g. "was", "had been", etc.)

たる /(aux-v) (after a noun, usu. as 〜たる者, etc.) (See たり・4,たるや) (those) who are/(that) which is/often used in relation to qualifications and requirements for a position/in the capacity of

たろう /(aux) (1) (equivalent to ただろう) ought to have been/was ... right?/(2) (ksb:) (from てやろう) to do for (inferiors)

だ /(cop-da) (1) (plain copula) (See である,です) be/is/(aux-v) (2) (た after certain verb forms) (See た・1) indicates past or completed action/(3) (See た・2) indicates light imperative

だからと言って [だからといって] /(conj) (uk) while it may be true that/just because/nevertheless/not necessarily

だけあって /(suf) .. being the case/(precisely) because .../as might be expected (from ..)

だけが能ではない [だけがのうではない] /(exp) (id) (after verb) (See ばかりが能ではない) it is not everything to ...

だけでいい /(exp) all you have to do is/just/that's all

だっけ /(exp) expression used when the speaker is trying to recall some information

だった /(exp) (past tense of plain copula) (See だ・1) was

だったろう;だったろ /(exp) it was, wasn't it?/must have been/I think (it was)

だとすれば /(exp) (See だと) if that's the case/that being the case

だぶつく /(v5k,vi) (1) (See たぶたぶ・2,ぶかぶか・1,たぷたぷ,ぶよぶよ) to be too large/to be baggy/to be flabby/(2) (See たぶたぶ・1) to have a glut

だよね;だよねー /(exp) (col) it is, isn't it?/I know, right?/innit?

だらける /(v1,vi) to be lazy/to be slack/to feel dull/to feel languid/to feel listless

ちっとも気にならない [ちっともきにならない] /(exp,adj-i) (See 気になる・1) not be concerned about at all/not mind about at all/not care a bit

ちびる /(v5r,vi) (1) (col) to wet oneself/(v5r,vt) (2) to be miserly/to be stingey

ちゃらっぽこ /(int) no way/that can't be true/nonsense!

ちゅう;ちゅー;チュー /(n,vs) (1) (col) kiss/(n,adv-to) (2) squeak (as in the sound made by mice)/(3) sound of liquid being sucked up

っす;す /(aux) (abbr) (semi-polite copula) (See です) be/is

ったらありゃしない;ったらない;といったらない /(exp) (col) (See ありはしない) (used after adj.) nothing more ... than this/as .... as it could possibly be

っちょ;ちょ /(suf) (after a noun or the root of an adjective) person who is .../thing that is ...

ってのは /(exp) (See って・1) means/is/as for

っぱ /(n-suf) (col) (abbr) (See っぱなし) keep ...-ing (negative nuance, with the state being improper, unpleasant, etc.)/have been ...-ing/leaving (something) on/leaving (something) still in use

っ放し [っぱなし(P);っはなし] /(n-suf) (uk) keep ...-ing (negative nuance, with the state being improper, unpleasant, etc.)/have been ...-ing/leaving (something) on/leaving (something) still in use

つじつまが合う;辻褄が合う [つじつまがあう] /(exp,v5u) (See 辻褄) to be consistent/to be coherent

つっと;つうと;つうっと;ツーッと /(adv) (on-mim) (つうっと is emphatic) quickly/smoothly

つつある /(suf) (See つつ・1) (with masu stem) to be doing/to be in the process of doing

つぶしが利く;潰しが利く [つぶしがきく] /(exp,v5k) to be valuable as scrap/to be able to do other work/to have marketable skills

つもりである /(exp,v5r-i) (1) to intend/(2) (after past tense of verb) to be sure that

つり上がる;吊り上がる [つりあがる] /(v5r,vi) (1) to be lifted up/to be hung up/(2) to twitch upwards/to turn upward/to slant upward

つり目;ツリ目;釣り目;吊り目;つり眼;ツリ眼;釣り眼;吊り眼;攣り目(oK);吊目(io);吊眼(io) [つりめ(つり目,釣り目,吊り目,つり眼,釣り眼,吊り眼,攣り目,吊目,吊眼);ツリめ(ツリ目,ツリ眼)] /(n) slant eyes/almond-shaped eyes/eyes that are turned up at the corners

つんぼ桟敷;聾桟敷 [つんぼさじき] /(n) (1) (sens) being kept uninformed/being cut off/out of the loop/(2) (arch) upper gallery (where one can't hear)/blind seat

ては;ちゃ;ちゃあ /(exp) (1) if (an action, etc.)/(2) since .../if you are going to .../(3) one after another/indicates repeated action/(4) adds emphasis

てる;でる /(v1,aux-v) (col) (from ..て or で plus いる) indicates continuing action or state (e.g. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)

で(P);にて(P) /(prt) (1) (にて is the formal literary form) indicates location of action/at/in/(2) indicates time of action/(3) indicates means of action/cause of effect/by/(conj) (4) and then/so/(aux) (5) (で only) (alternate form of 〜て used for some verb types) (See て) indicates continuing action/(prt) (6) (で only) (ksb:) (at sentence-end) (See よ・1) indicates certainty, emphasis, etc.

であ /(aux) (abbr) (arch) (See である) to be

であります /(exp) (pol) (formal or literary polite copula) (See である,です) be/is

である /(v5r-i) (formal or literary copula) (See だ・1,であります) be/is

であれば;でれば /(exp,conj) if it is the case that ...

でかい顔する [でかいかおする] /(exp,vs-i) (col) (See 大きな顔をする) to act self-importantly/to be arrogant/to be high-handed/to puff up

でかい顔をする [でかいかおをする] /(exp,vs-i) (col) (See 大きな顔をする,でかい顔する) to act self-importantly/to be arrogant/to be high-handed/to puff up

でげす /(aux) (arch) (pol) (polite copula) (See でございます) be/is

でごんす /(exp) (arch) (pol) (polite copula) (See でございます) be/is

です /(exp) (pol) (polite copula) (See だ・1,であります) be/is

ですが何か [ですがなにか] /(exp) what if I am ..?

でっせ /(exp) (pol) (osb:) (at sentence end, equiv. of ですよ) (See です) I assure you it is

でなくて何だろう [でなくてなんだろう] /(exp) (uk) if not ... then what is it?/(this) is nothing other than ...

でなければならない(P);でなければいけない;でなければならぬ /(exp) (See である,なければならない) having to be/must be/should be/ought to be

ではありますまいか /(exp) I wonder if it is not (something, a thing)

ではある /(exp,v5r-i) (である with は) (See である) to be (in contrast to something that is not the case)

では無い [ではない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) is not/am not/are not

では無かろうか [ではなかろうか] /(exp) (uk) (See 無かる・なかる) is it not so?

では無さそう [ではなさそう] /(exp,aux) (uk) (See じゃ無さそう・じゃなさそう) does not seem (to be)

でもある /(v5r-i) (1) (である with も) (See である) to also be (formal, literary)/implies that as well as the earlier stated this is also the case/(2) to be ... or something

でも無い [でもない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) it is not (like that)/used to explicitly deny one thing while also implicitly denying other things

でれつく /(v5k,vi) (1) (See でれでれ・1) to idle/to laze/to be slovenly/(2) (See でれでれ・2) to flirt/to philander/to womanize

でれでれ /(adv,adv-to,vs) (1) (on-mim) idling/lazing/slovenly/(2) (on-mim) flirting/philandering/womanizing/being lovestruck/fawning/mooning

で御座います [でございます] /(exp) (uk) (pol) (polite copula) (See である) be/is

で御座ります [でござります] /(exp) (arch) (pol) (polite copula) (See で御座います) be/is

で御座る;でご座る [でござる] /(exp,v4r) (uk) (pol) (polite copula) (See ご座る) be/is

で候 [でそう] /(aux) (pol) (arch) (See である) to be

で無い [でない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) (negation of である) is not/am not/are not

とある /(exp) (abbr) (See と書いてある・とかいてある) according to/reads/reading/is written/says/states

とあれば;とあらば /(conj) if it is the case that/if

という訳だ;と言う訳だ [というわけだ] /(exp) (uk) this is why/this means/it is the case that

とぎ汁;磨ぎ汁;磨汁 [とぎじる;とぎしる] /(n) water that has been used to wash rice

ところを(P);とこを /(prt,conj) although (it is a certain time or something is in a certain condition)

とされる /(exp,v1) ... is considered to ...

とする /(exp,vs-i) (1) (after the volitional form of verb) to try to .../to be about to do .../(2) (after the dictionary form of verb) to decide to .../(3) to take as/to treat as/(4) to use for/(5) to suppose that (such) is the case/to assume/(6) to decide that/to think that/(7) to make into/to change into/(8) to feel (e.g. after sound symbolism or psychological experience word)/to look/to feel like/(9) (with を目的) to intend/to have the intention

とちる /(v5r,vt) (1) to flub (one's lines)/(v5r,vi) (2) (See とっちる) to be flustered/to be confused/(3) to bungle/to mess up/to blunder

とち狂う [とちぐるう;とちくるう] /(v5u,vi) to be playful/to gambol/to be amused (with something)/to play/to sport/to frolic/to joke

とっちる /(v1,vi) (See とちる・1) to be flustered/to be confused

とっ捕まる;取っ捕まる [とっつかまる] /(v5r,vi) to be caught

とどめを刺す;止めを刺す [とどめをさす] /(exp,v5s) (1) to finish off/to ensure (something) is dead/to deliver the coup de grace/(2) to put an end to/to deliver the final blow/(3) (as AはBに止めを刺す) to be the best for A

となく /(suf,exp) (See それと無く,何となく,幾度となく) adds vagueness and indirectness to the word or phrase it is used with

となったら /(exp) where ... is concerned/when it becomes/if it becomes

となるために /(exp) (1) (See となる) in order to be(come).../(2) since it amounts to.../(3) since it is advantageous to...

となると /(exp) where ... is concerned/when it comes to .../if it comes to .../as far as ... is concerned

となれば /(exp) where ... is concerned/when it becomes/if it becomes

との事 [とのこと] /(exp) (uk) I'm told/I'm passing on a message/he was informed/indicates that one has heard the preceding information from somebody

とは /(prt) indicates word or phrase being defined

とは言うものの [とはいうものの] /(exp) (uk) having said that/be that as it may

とは言え [とはいえ] /(conj) (uk) though/although/be that as it may/nonetheless

とは限らない [とはかぎらない] /(exp) not necessarily so/is not always true

とばっちりを食う [とばっちりをくう] /(exp,v5u) to be struck by a chance blow/to be embroiled in/to be caught up in/to be dragged into

とも /(prt) (1) certainly/of course/to be sure/surely/(2) (usu. with vol. verb or adj. stem) even if/no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how)/though/although/(3) (with neg. verb) without even/without so much as/(4) (after an adverb) (See 遅くとも) at the (least, earliest, etc.)/(exp) (5) also (called)/(prt) (6) (sometimes esp. an emphatic form of the particle と) (See と・1,と・2,と・3,と・4) emphatic particle

とる /(v5r) (equiv. of -ている indicating continuing action as a verb ending; poss. contraction of -て ending + おる auxiliary verb) is being

とんでもハップン /(exp) (obs) (ハップン is from "happen") (See とんでもない・1) it'll never happen

と言うことは [ということは] /(exp,adv) (uk) that is to say/so that means

と言うことはない [ということはない] /(exp) (uk) it is not possible (to, that)/there is no such thing as

と言うと [というと] /(conj) (1) (uk) (See 言う・1,言う・2) if one were to speak of ..., then certainly/if it were the case that ..., then certainly/if it were a ..., then certainly/phrase used to indicate the inevitability of what follows it (based on what precedes it)/(2) so that means (when used in sentence-initial position)

と言うのは [というのは] /(exp,conj) (1) (uk) means/is/(2) (often as というのは...から) because/that is to say

と言えど [といえど] /(exp) (uk) (See とは言うものの) be (that) as it may/having said that

と言ったら嘘になる [といったらうそになる] /(exp,v5r) I'd be lying if I said ...

と言ってしまえばそれまで [といってしまえばそれまで] /(exp) it is certain true that ... (but)/you can't argue that it's not ... (but)

と言っても過言ではない;といっても過言ではない [といってもかごんではない] /(exp,adj-i) it is no exaggeration to say/it is not too much to say

と言われる [といわれる] /(exp,v1) to be called .../to be referred to as ...

と考えられる [とかんがえられる] /(exp,v1) one can think that .../it is conceivable that ...

と思しい;と覚しい [とおぼしい] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) thought to be/seen as

と思われる [とおもわれる] /(exp,v1) be considered/be deemed/thought to be

と書いてある [とかいてある] /(exp) according to/reads/reading/is written/says/states

と来たら [ときたら] /(exp) (uk) (See 来る・きたる・2) when it comes to .../concerning/where ... are concerned

どうかしたのか;どうかしたのですか;どうかしたんですか /(exp) is something up?/is something wrong?

どうかすると /(exp) there is a tendency/there is a possibility

どうされましたか /(exp) (1) what did you do?/(2) is anything the matter?/what seems to be the problem?/can I help you?

どうしたもの;どうしたもん /(exp) (col) what's up with/what's the deal with/what's to be done with

どうぞ /(adv) (1) (See 何卒・1) please/kindly/I beg of you/(2) by all means/feel free/you are welcome/(3) (previously written as 何卒) here you are

どうであろうと /(exp) whatever (the case may be)

どうでもいい(P);どうだっていい /(exp,adj-ix) inconsequential/indifferent/not worth worrying about/whatever you do is OK/trivial

どうでも良い [どうでもよい] /(exp,adj-i) inconsequential/indifferent/not worth worrying about/whatever you do is OK/trivial

どうにもならない /(exp) helpless/futile/situation about which nothing can be done

どうも /(int) (1) (abbr) (See どうも有難う) thanks/(adv) (2) much (thanks)/very (sorry)/quite (regret)/(3) quite/really/mostly/(4) somehow/(5) (in positive sense, esp. どうも〜しまう) (See どうしても) in spite of oneself/no matter how hard one may try (one is unable to) (with negative verb)/no matter how hard one may try not to (one ends up doing) (with positive verb, esp. -shimau)/(int) (6) greetings/hello/goodbye

どうれ /(int) (arch) (used by samurai families) (See 頼もう・たのもう) welcome/come in/response to a visitor at one's house who has asked to be shown inside

どう仕様も無い;どう仕様もない [どうしようもない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) it cannot be helped/there is no other way

どう致しまして(P);如何致しまして [どういたしまして] /(int) (uk) you are welcome/don't mention it/not at all/my pleasure

どこの誰 [どこのだれ] /(exp) (emphatic, often interrog.) which person/who (you are)

どころ /(prt) (See どころか) particle used to indicate that what precedes it is an extreme example and strongly negates it

どこ吹く風;何処吹く風 [どこふくかぜ] /(exp) showing no concern at all/being not at all bothered/devil-may-care attitude

どさ回りをやる [どさまわりをやる] /(exp,v5r) to go on tour/to be on the road (e.g. theatre troupe) (theater)

どす;ドス /(n) (1) dagger/dirk/knife/(2) threatening quality (in a voice, etc.)/(pref) (3) muddy/turbid/murky/unclear/(aux) (4) (どす only) (pol) (abbr) (kyb:) (polite copula abbreviated from でおす) (See おす) be/is

どちらか;どっちか /(n) (どっちか is more colloquial) either/one (of the two)

どち狂う [どちぐるう] /(v5u,vi) (See とち狂う) to be playful/to gambol/to be amused (with something)/to play/to sport/to frolic/to joke

どっちがどっちか /(exp) which is which/one or the other

どっぴゅ /(adv,adv-to) (on-mim) sound of something being powerfully ejected

どっぷりと漬かる [どっぷりとつかる] /(exp,v5r) (See どっぷり) to be deeply submerged

どつぼにはまる;ドツボにはまる /(exp,v5r) (See 土壺・どつぼ・1) to find oneself in deep trouble/to be deep in the shit

どの口が言う;どの口がいう [どのくちがいう] /(exp,v5u) I don't want to hear it from you/are you in any position to say that?

どの場合にも [どのばあいにも] /(exp) in any case/in either case/whichever the case may be

ないちゃー /(n) (rkb:) (See 内地) person from any part of Japan that is not also part of Okinawa

ないと行けない(P);無いといけない;無いと行けない [ないといけない] /(exp,adj-i) (1) (uk) (after negative base of verb) (See 無くてはいけない・なくてはいけない・2) have to (verb)/must (verb)/(2) (uk) (esp. 無いといけない) (See 無くてはいけない・なくてはいけない・1) is indispensable/absolutely necessary

ないと行けません;無いといけません;無いと行けません [ないといけません] /(exp) (1) (uk) (after negative base of verb) (See ないと行けない・ないといけない・1) have to (verb)/must (verb)/(2) (esp. 無いといけません) (See ないと行けない・ないといけない・2) is indispensable/absolutely necessary

なし得る;成し得る;成しうる;成しえる [なしうる(なし得る,成し得る,成しうる);なしえる(なし得る,成し得る,成しえる)(ik)] /(adj-f,exp,vt) to be able to do/to be capable of doing

なぜかと言うと;何故かと言うと [なぜかというと] /(exp) (uk) because/the reason why is

なのだ(P);なんだ(P) /(aux) (1) (See のだ) it is assuredly that .../can say with confidence that .../(2) (なんだ only) (ksb:) (after the -nai stem of a verb) did not ...

なのである /(aux) (See なのだ・1) it is assuredly (that).../can say with confidence that it is...

なのです(P);なんです(P) /(aux) (pol) (See のです) it is assuredly that .../can say with confidence that ...

なら(P);ならば(P) /(aux) (1) (hypothetical form of the copula だ, from なり and sometimes classed as a particle) if/in case/if it is the case that/if it is true that/(2) (なら only) as for/on the topic of/(conj) (3) (col) (abbr) (See それなら) if that's the case/if so/that being the case/(4) (ならば only) if possible/if circumstances allow

なり /(prt) (1) or something/for instance ... (though there are other suitable options)/(2) (usu. in the form ...なり...なり) ... or .../(3) (after dictionary form verb) as soon as/right after/(4) (after past tense verb) while still/with previous state still in effect

なりけり /(exp,aux-v) (arch) auxiliary verb indicating the speaker's personal recollection or something they've heard (e.g. "was", "wasn't it?", "is said to have ...", etc.)

なる /(suf,adj-f) (1) (arch) (See 也・なり・2) that is in/(2) who is called/that is called/(3) that is

なる様になる;成るように成る;成る様に成る;為るように為る;為る様に為る [なるようになる] /(exp) (uk) (proverb) let nature take its course/what will be will be

なんくるない /(exp) (rkb:) don't worry - be happy

なんたらかんたら /(exp) something or other (often used in place of a word or phrase that has been forgotten)

なんて目じゃない [なんてめじゃない] /(exp) (See 目じゃない) it's not a problem/it's not a big deal/(person or thing) can be easily beaten or bettered (by one)

なんでやねん /(exp) (ksb:) what the hell/what the fuck/what are you going on about/you've got to be kidding

にかたくない /(exp) not hard to... (in certain circumstances, it would be possible)

にっちもさっちも行かない;二進も三進もいかない;二進も三進も行かない [にっちもさっちもいかない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) being driven into a corner/having no way out/being caught between a rock and a hard place

になって初めて [になってはじめて] /(exp) (it was) not until/(it was) only when

には及ばない [にはおよばない] /(exp) (1) (after a verb) there is no need to/it is fine if you don't/unnecessary/(2) (after a noun) does not match/out of reach of

に違いない [にちがいない] /(exp) I am sure/no doubt that/must/must have (done)

に越したことはない;に超したことはない [にこしたことはない] /(exp) it is better to/it is best to/there's nothing better than

に関する限り;に関するかぎり [にかんするかぎり] /(exp) (See 関する) as far as ... is concerned/so far as ... can tell

に限って [にかぎって] /(exp) (particularly) when ... (often in phrases like "the bus just has to be on-time when we are late")/(only) for .../if we are restricting the discussion to.../in the particular case of

に取って [にとって] /(exp) (uk) (See 取る・1) to/for/concerning/as far as ... is concerned/regarding

に取りまして [にとりまして] /(exp) (uk) (See に取って・にとって) to/for/concerning/as far as ... is concerned/regarding

に当たって [にあたって] /(exp) (uk) at the time of (ind. opportunity or situation where something should be done)

ぬるま湯につかる;微温湯に浸かる;微温湯につかる [ぬるまゆにつかる] /(exp,v5r) to be comfortable/to be easy/to be relaxed/to be cosseted

ね(P);ねえ /(prt) (1) (at sentence end) indicates emphasis, agreement, request for confirmation, etc./is it so/(int) (2) hey/come on/listen/(aux-adj) (3) (col) (verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation) (See ない・1) not

ねじれ国会;捩れ国会 [ねじれこっかい] /(n) houses of the Diet being controlled by different parties/twisted parliament

のっぺら坊;野箆坊 [のっぺらぼう;のっぺらぽう;ぬっぺらぼう(野箆坊)] /(adj-na,adj-no) (1) (uk) smooth/flat/lacking bumps and dents/(2) (uk) featureless/uneventful/(n) (3) (uk) noppera-b醇v/mythical being with flat featureless face

ので(P);んで /(prt) that being the case/because of .../the reason is ..../given that...

のです(P);のだ(P);んです;んだ /(exp) the expectation is that .../the reason is that .../the fact is that .../it is that ...

のめり込む [のめりこむ] /(v5m,vi) to be completely absorbed in/to fall for (something)

はあっ;はーッ;ハーッ /(int) (acknowledging a superior) (See はい・1) Yes sir/Yes ma'am

はい /(int) (1) (pol) yes/that is correct/(2) understood/I see/OK/okay/(3) (as a response to a roll call) present/here/(4) (col) (with rising intonation) pardon?/what's that?/come again?/(5) giddy-up/giddap

はずが無い;筈がない;筈が無い [はずがない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) (See 筈・1) cannot (do)/it is impossible that.../it is (highly) unlikely that...

はずです;はずだ /(exp) be supposed or expected to (do)/be sure to (do)/ought to (do)

はずの無い;筈のない;筈の無い [はずのない] /(exp,adj-i) (uk) (See はずが無い) cannot (do)/it is impossible that.../it is (highly) unlikely that...

はち切れる [はちきれる] /(v1,vi) (uk) to be filled to bursting/to burst

はっきり(P);ハッキリ(P) /(adv,adv-to) (1) (on-mim) clearly/plainly/distinctly/(vs) (2) (often as はっきりした) to be clear/to be definite/to be certain/to be exact/to become clear/to clear up

はっきり言う [はっきりいう] /(exp,v5u) (1) to speak distinctly/to speak clearly/(2) to put it bluntly/to get to the point/to be frank

はっと;ハッと /(adv,vs) (1) (on-mim) taken aback/surprised/(2) (on-mim) suddenly (realizing, understanding, becoming aware, etc.)/(3) (on-mim) quickly (of actions, changes, etc.)/(4) (on-mim) standing out/being showy/being gaudy

はぶ;ハブ /(n) (col) (perhaps an abbr. of 省き) (See 省く・1) being left out/being excluded/being ostracized

はみ出る;食み出る [はみでる] /(v1,vi) (1) to jut out (of bounds)/(2) to be crowded out/to be forced out

ばかりが能ではない;許りが能ではない [ばかりがのうではない] /(exp) (id) (after verb) it is not everything to ...

ばたつく;バタつく /(v5k,vi) (See ばたばた) to clatter/to flap (noisily)/to rattle/to walk around being unable to settle down

ばてる /(v1,vi) to be exhausted/to be worn out

ばむ /(suf,v5m) (See 黄ばむ,汗ばむ) to be ...y (suffix indicating that something is in the state of the preceding noun, etc.)

ばらつく;バラつく /(v5k,vi) (See ばらばら) to rain (drops on the large side)/to go to pieces/to be taken apart

ばらばら事件 [ばらばらじけん] /(n) murder case in which the victim is chopped into pieces/mutilation murder case

ばりッと /(adv) (1) (on-mim) sound of an object breaking loudly/ripping sound/tearing sound/(2) (See ぱりっと・1) being stylish

ばれる(P);バレる /(v1,vi) to leak out (a secret)/to be exposed (a lie, improper behaviour, etc.) (behavior)

ひっくり返る(P);引っくり返る;引っ繰り返る;引繰り返る [ひっくりかえる] /(v5r,vi) to be overturned/to be upset/to topple over/to be reversed/to fall down/to tip over

ひびが入る;罅が入る;皹が入る;皸が入る [ひびがはいる] /(exp,v5r) to get cracked/to develop a crack/to be fissured


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